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The use of real-time information in Phillips-curve relationships for the euro area

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  • Paloviita, Maritta
  • Mayes, David

Abstract

The dynamics of the Phillips Curve in New Keynesian, Expectations Augmented and Hybrid forms are extremely sensitive to the choice, timing and restrictions on variables. An important element of the debate revolves round what information decision-makers took into account at the time and round what they thought was going to happen in the future. The original debate was conducted using up to date, revised estimates of the data as in the most recent official publications. In this paper, however, we explore how much three aspects of the specification of the information available at the time affect the performance of the various Phillips curves and the choice of the most appropriate dynamic structures. First we consider the performance of forecasts, published at the time, as representations of expectations. Second, we explore the impact of using 'real time data' in the sense of what were the most recently available estimates of the then present and past. Finally we review whether it helps to use the information that was available at the time in the choice of instruments in the estimation of the relationships rather than the most up to date estimate of the data series that has been published. Thus different datasets are required in the instrument set for every time period. We use a single consistent source for 'real-time' data on the past, estimates of the present and forecasts, from OECD Economic Outlook and National Accounts. We set this up as a panel for the euro area countries covering the period since 1977. Our principal conclusions are (1) that the most important use of real time information in the estimation of the Phillips curve is in using forecasts made at the time to represent expectations; (2) real time data indicate that the balance of expectations formation was more forward than backward-looking; (3) by contrast using the most recent, revised, data suggests more backward-looking and less well-determined behaviour.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal The North American Journal of Economics and Finance.

Volume (Year): 16 (2005)
Issue (Month): 3 (December)
Pages: 415-434

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Handle: RePEc:eee:ecofin:v:16:y:2005:i:3:p:415-434

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/620163

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Sophocles N. Brissimis & Nicholas S. Magginas, 2006. "Inflation Forecasts and the New Keynesian Phillips Curve," Working Papers 38, Bank of Greece.
  2. Paloviita, Maritta & Mayes, David, 2005. "The use of real-time information in Phillips-curve relationships for the euro area," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 415-434, December.
  3. Sophocles Mavroeidis & Mikkel Plagborg-Møller & James H. Stock, 2014. "Empirical Evidence on Inflation Expectations in the New Keynesian Phillips Curve," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 52(1), pages 124-88, March.
  4. Martina Basarac & Blanka Škrabiæ & Petar Soriæ, 2011. "The Hybrid Phillips Curve: Empirical Evidence from Transition Economies," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 61(4), pages 367-383, August.
  5. Maritta Paloviita & Matti Virén, 2005. "The role of expectations in the inflation process in the euro area," Macroeconomics 0508031, EconWPA.
  6. Antti Suvanto & Juhana Hukkinen, 2005. "Stable price level and changing prices," Macroeconomics 0508034, EconWPA.
  7. Mikko Puhakka, 2005. "Equilibrium dynamics under lump-sum taxation in an exchange economy with skewed endowments," Macroeconomics 0508033, EconWPA.
  8. Kai Leitemo & Ulf Söderström, 2005. "Robust monetary policy in the New-Keynesian framework," Macroeconomics 0508032, EconWPA.
  9. Männistö , Hanna-Leena, 2005. "Forecasting with a forward-looking DGE model: combining long-run views of financial markets with macro forecasting," Research Discussion Papers 21/2005, Bank of Finland.
  10. Paloviita, Maritta, 2007. "Estimating a small DSGE model under rational and measured expectations: some comparisons," Research Discussion Papers 14/2007, Bank of Finland.
  11. Bohl, Martin T. & Siklos, Pierre L., 2005. "The Role of Asset Prices in Euro Area Monetary Policy: Specification and Estimation of Policy Rules and Implications for the European Central Bank," Working Paper Series 2005,6, European University Viadrina Frankfurt (Oder), The Postgraduate Research Programme Capital Markets and Finance in the Enlarged Europe.

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