Forecasting Swedish Inflation With a Markov Switching VAR
AbstractViewed over the whole available history of fiat money in Sweden, high levels of inflation have been present only over a short time span. It is only in the last two decades – the seventies and the eighties – that inflation has been high, at an average of eight percent on an annual basis. Based on consumer price data from 1830 to 1970, by contrast, the average inflation rate has been about two percent. In January 1993, the governing board of the Riksbank announced an inflation target of two percent as target for monetary policy. In the period after this announcment inflation has come down to its pre 1970 level. This poses difficulty for forecasting inflation, since the 1970-92 period represents a sizable part of the available and reliable macro data. In particular, forecasts based on linear models have the property that they tend to revert back to their unconditional means. Since the mean has been high, linear models thus tend to produce implausibly high forecasts that do not take into account the new monetary regime with an inflation target, nor the new legislative independence of the Riksbank.inflation state. It is then possible to use data from 1970-1992 and yet produce plausible forecasts one to two years ahead. The forecasts incorporate the risk of switching back to high inflation, but are not dominated by this risk the way linear models are. Nor is this risk ignored altogether, such as with the introduction of a dummy variable for the shift in the level of inflation.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden) in its series Working Paper Series with number 76.
Length: 17 pages
Date of creation: 01 Jan 1999
Date of revision:
VAR; Markov switching; Forecasting inflation;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
- C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2001-12-26 (All new papers)
- NEP-CBA-2001-12-26 (Central Banking)
- NEP-ETS-2001-12-26 (Econometric Time Series)
- NEP-MON-2001-12-26 (Monetary Economics)
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- Davidson, James, 2004. "Forecasting Markov-switching dynamic, conditionally heteroscedastic processes," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 68(2), pages 137-147, June.
- Grand Nathalie & Dropsy Vincent, 2005. "Exchange Rate And Inflation Targeting In Morocco And Tunisia," Macroeconomics 0507018, EconWPA.
- Mili, Mehdi & Sahut, Jean-Michel & Teulon, Frédéric, 2012. "Non linear and asymmetric linkages between real growth in the Euro area and global financial market conditions: New evidence," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 734-741.
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