# INFORMS

# Management Science

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Phone: +1-443-757-3500

Fax: 443-757-3515

Web page: http://www.informs.org/

Email:

More information through EDIRC

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### 1989, Volume 35, Issue 6

**722-742 Recursion Models for Describing and Managing the Transient Flow of Materials in Generalized Flowlines***by*S. Saboo & L. Wang & W. E. Wilhelm**743-756 Design of Product Specifications for Multi-Characteristic Inspection***by*Kwei Tang & Jen Tang**757-767 Analysis of Profit-Linked Total-Factor Productivity Measurement Models at the Firm Level***by*David M. Miller & P. Mohan Rao**768-769 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1989, Volume 35, Issue 5

**515-526 Depreciation Policies in Regulated Companies: Which Policies are the Most Efficient?***by*Joshua Ronen & Bin Srinidhi**527-550 Gaussian Influence Diagrams***by*Ross D. Shachter & C. Robert Kenley**551-560 On the Maintenance of Systems Composed of Highly Reliable Components***by*Michael N. Katehakis & Cyrus Derman**561-570 The M/M/1 Queue with Randomly Varying Arrival and Service Rates: A Phase Substitution Solution***by*Edward P. C. Kao & Chiunsin Lin**571-584 Open Order Due Date Maintenance in MRP Systems***by*Richard J. Penlesky & William L. Berry & Urban Wemmerlöv**585-596 Uncertainty and Leontief Systems: An Application to the Selection of Space Station System Designs***by*James Quirk & Mark Olson & Hamid Habib-Agahi & George Fox**597-606 Innovative and Noninnovative Small Firms: Types and Characteristics***by*Arshad M. Khan & V. Manopichetwattana**607-613 Batching to Minimize Flow Times on Parallel Heterogeneous Machines***by*Gregory Dobson & Uday S. Karmarkar & Jeffrey L. Rummel**614-634 An N Server Cutoff Priority Queue Where Arriving Customers Request a Random Number of Servers***by*Christian Schaack & Richard C. Larson**635-640 Note---A Note on the Dynamic Lot-Size Model with Uncertainty in Demand and Supply Processes***by*E. J. Anderson**641-643 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1989, Volume 35, Issue 4

**387-405 Foundations of Decision Analysis: Along the Way***by*Peter C. Fishburn**406-424 Bias in Utility Assessments: Further Evidence and Explanations***by*Eric J. Johnson & David A. Schkade**425-446 Market Reaction to Quarterly Earnings' Announcements: A Stochastic Dominance Based Test of Market Efficiency***by*Haim Falk & Haim Levy**447-458 A Dynamic Lot-Size Model with Make-or-Buy Decisions***by*Sang-Bum Lee & Paul H. Zipkin**459-471 A Dynamic Programming Approach to Stochastic Assembly Line Balancing***by*Robert L. Carraway**472-477 Operating Characteristics of the (S - 1, S) Inventory System with Partial Backorders and Constant Resupply Times***by*Kamran Moinzadeh**478-495 A General Framework for Modeling Production***by*Steven T. Hackman & Robert C. Leachman**496-512 Firm Strategies for Costly Engineering Learning***by*Ashoka Mody**513-514 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1989, Volume 35, Issue 3

**259-269 Characterizations of Optimal Portfolios by Univariate and Multivariate Risk Aversion***by*Yuming Li & William. T. Ziemba**270-284 Discount Rates Inferred from Decisions: An Experimental Study***by*Uri Benzion & Amnon Rapoport & Joseph Yagil**285-303 The Effect of Task Demands and Graphical Format on Information Processing Strategies***by*Sirkka L. Jarvenpaa**304-320 Product Assortment in a Triopoly***by*Steven M. Shugan**321-339 Modeling Managerial Behavior: Misperceptions of Feedback in a Dynamic Decision Making Experiment***by*John D. Sterman**340-352 Forgetting and the Learning Curve: A Laboratory Study***by*Charles D. Bailey**353-366 Capacitated Lot Sizing with Setup Times***by*William W. Trigeiro & L. Joseph Thomas & John O. McClain**367-371 Implicit Treatment of "Zero or Range" Constraints in a Model for Minimum Cost Foundry Alloys***by*P. Hansen & J. Hugé**372-376 Note---Seasonal Exponential Smoothing with Damped Trends***by*Everette S. Gardner, Jr. & Ed. McKenzie**376-383 Note---Developing a Global Diversification Measure***by*W. Chan Kim**384-385 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1989, Volume 35, Issue 2

**127-148 Testing the Validity of a Queueing Model of Police Patrol***by*Linda Green & Peter Kolesar**149-163 Planning for Surprise: Water Resources Development Under Demand and Supply Uncertainty I. The General Model***by*Donald Erlenkotter & Suresh Sethi & Norio Okada**164-176 An Algorithm for Solving the Job-Shop Problem***by*J. Carlier & E. Pinson**177-191 The Single Machine Early/Tardy Problem***by*Peng Si Ow & Thomas E. Morton**192-207 Level Schedules for Mixed-Model Assembly Lines in Just-In-Time Production Systems***by*John Miltenburg**208-225 Industry Concentration and Allocation of Resources to Basic Research***by*Prafulla Joglekar & Morris Hamburg**226-239 On Credible Delegation by Oligopolists: A Discussion of Distribution Channel Management***by*Anne T. Coughlan & Birger Wernerfelt**240-248 Models for Managing Secrets***by*J. Michael Steele**249-255 Note---Operations Sequencing in Discrete Parts Manufacturing***by*Jonathan F. Bard & Thomas A. Feo**256-257 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1989, Volume 35, Issue 1

**1-21 Airline Safety: The Last Decade***by*Arnold Barnett & Mary K. Higgins**22-41 Prospect Versus Utility***by*Imran S. Currim & Rakesh K. Sarin**42-50 Estimation Uncertainty and Optimal Advertising Decisions***by*A. Aykac & M. Corstjens & D. Gautschi & I. Horowitz**51-59 On Stochastic Dominance and Decreasing Absolute Risk Averse Option Pricing Bounds***by*Peter Ritchken & Shyanjaw Kuo**60-70 Choosing Between Risky Prospects: The Characterization of Comparative Statics Results, and Location Independent Risk***by*Ian Jewitt**71-80 Critical Number Policies for Inventory Models with Periodic Data***by*Paul Zipkin**81-99 Technological Accumulation, Diversification and Organisation in UK Companies, 1945--1983***by*K. Pavitt & M. Robson & J. Townsend**100-123 Multipass Seasonal Adjustment Filter***by*Tep Sastri**124-125 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1988, Volume 34, Issue 12

**1403-1415 Inducing Rules for Expert System Development: An Example Using Default and Bankruptcy Data***by*William F. Messier, Jr. & James V. Hansen**1416-1424 One-Switch Utility Functions and a Measure of Risk***by*David E. Bell**1425-1440 An Object-Oriented World-View for Intelligent, Discrete, Next-Event Simulation***by*James R. Burns & J. Darrell Morgeson**1441-1449 Approximating Expected Warranty Costs***by*Edward W. Frees & Seong-Hyun Nam**1450-1459 Dynamically Updating Relevance Judgements in Probabilistic Information Systems Via Users' Feedback***by*Peter J. Lenk & Barry D. Floyd**1460-1471 Selection and Design of Heuristic Procedures for Solving Roll Trim Problems***by*Robert W. Haessler**1472-1479 Computing Block-Angular Karmarkar Projections with Applications to Stochastic Programming***by*John R. Birge & Liqun Qi**1480-1488 The Single Machine Problem with a Quadratic Cost Function of Completion Times***by*Wlodzimierz Szwarc & Marc E. Posner & John J. Liu**1489-1506 Towards a Heuristic Theory of Problem Structuring***by*Gerald F. Smith**1507-1511 Note---On Piecewise Reference Technologies***by*R. Färe & S. Grosskopf & D. Njinkeu**1511-1511 Erratum: "The Theory of Ratio Scale Estimation: Saaty's Analytic Hierarchy Process" (Vol. 33, No. 11, November 1987)***by*Patrick T. Harker & Luis G. Vargas**1512-1513 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1988, Volume 34, Issue 11

**1281-1302 Convergence Properties of Infinitesimal Perturbation Analysis Estimates***by*Philip Heidelberger & Xi-Ren Cao & Michael A. Zazanis & Rajan Suri**1303-1314 Resolving a Conflict Situation with a Reference Outcome: An Axiomatic Model***by*Sunil Gupta & Zvi A. Livne**1315-1323 Competitive Dealing Strategy and Deal Value Escalation***by*Cynthia Fraser & James L. Ginter**1324-1332 A Sequential Lot Sizing Heuristic with Optimal Average Performance***by*Sven Axsäter**1333-1346 A Light-Traffic Approximation for Single-Class Departure Processes from Multi-Class Queues***by*Ward Whitt**1347-1366 Economic Design of Control Charts with Different Control Limits for Different Assignable Causes***by*George Tagaras & Hau L. Lee**1367-1379 Modeling Time-Dependent Arrivals to Service Systems: A Case in Using a Piecewise-Polynomial Rate Function in a Nonhomogeneous Poisson Process***by*Edward P. C. Kao & Sheng-Lin Chang**1380-1390 Determining Safety Stock in the Presence of Stochastic Lead Time and Demand***by*Gary D. Eppen & R. Kipp Martin**1391-1398 Note---Comments on "A Quantity Discount Pricing Model to Increase Vendor Profits"***by*Prafulla N. Joglekar**1398-1400 Reply---On "Comments on a Quantity Discount Pricing Model to Increase Vendor Profits"***by*James P. Monahan**1400-1400 Correction to Reply---"Consider the Principal Finding: A Reply to William T. Ross" (Vol. 34, No. 5, May 1988, pp. 672--673)***by*Robin M. Hogarth & Spyros Makridakis**1401-1402 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1988, Volume 34, Issue 10

**1157-1168 The Speed and Cost of Industrial Innovation in Japan and the United States: External vs. Internal Technology***by*Edwin Mansfield**1169-1187 Comparative Invention Performance of Major Industrial Countries: Patterns and Explanations***by*Hans H. Glismann & Ernst-Jürgen Horn**1188-1201 The Adoption of the M-Form Organizational Structure: A Test of Imitation Hypothesis***by*Vijay Mahajan & Subhash Sharma & Richard A. Bettis**1202-1220 Reduced System Algorithms for Markov Chains***by*Ram Lal & U. Narayan Bhat**1221-1230 Multiple Shift Workforce Lower Bounds***by*Gerald J. Koop**1231-1251 Event Graph Modelling for Simulation with an Application to Flexible Manufacturing Systems***by*Robert G. Sargent**1252-1265 Managerial Influence in the Implementation of New Technology***by*Dorothy Leonard-Barton & Isabelle Deschamps**1266-1270 The Generalized Stein/Rubinstein Covariance Formula and Its Application to Estimate Real Systematic Risk***by*K. C. John Wei & Cheng F. Lee**1271-1272 Note---Can a Reduction in Set Up Costs Indeed Increase Total Costs?***by*Yigal Gerchak**1272-1273 Rejoinder---Rejoinder to the Note by Yigal Gerchak***by*Willard I. Zangwill**1273-1276 Note---A Note on "The Use of Categorical Variables in Data Envelopment Analysis"***by*Wagner A. Kamakura**1277-1277 Erratum to: Sharp Bounds and Simple Approximations for the Erlang Delay and Loss Formulas***by*Arie Harel**1278-1279 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1988, Volume 34, Issue 9

**1037-1053 The Effect of Unions on Productivity: U.S. Surface Mining of Coal***by*Patricia Byrnes & Rolf Färe & Shawna Grosskopf & C. A. Knox Lovell**1054-1066 Financial Planning Where the Firm's Demand for Funds is Nonstationary and Stochastic***by*John D. Martin & George Emir Morgan**1067-1079 Estimation Risk and Incentive Contracts for Portfolio Managers***by*Susan I. Cohen & Laura T. Starks**1080-1095 Rethinking the Product Portfolio: A Generalized Investment Model***by*Timothy M. Devinney & David W. Stewart**1096-1108 Strategies for the Probabilistic Lot-Sizing Problem with Service-Level Constraints***by*James H. Bookbinder & Jin-Yan Tan**1109-1120 On a Possible Benefit to Bid Takers from Using Multi-Stage Auctions***by*Richard Engelbrecht-Wiggans**1121-1138 M/G/c Queueing Systems with Multiple Customer Classes: Characterization and Control of Achievable Performance Under Nonpreemptive Priority Rules***by*A. Federgruen & H. Groenevelt**1139-1153 A One-Sided Double Screening Procedure Using Individual Unit Misclassification Error***by*Herbert Moskowitz & Hsien-Tang Tsai**1154-1156 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1988, Volume 34, Issue 8

**921-937 Optimal Strategic Pricing of Reproducible Consumer Products***by*Fernando Nascimento & Wilfried R. Vanhonacker**938-958 Determining Optimal Reorder Intervals in Capacitated Production-Distribution Systems***by*Peter L. Jackson & William L. Maxwell & John A. Muckstadt**959-972 Sharp Bounds and Simple Approximations for the Erlang Delay and Loss Formulas***by*Arie Harel**973-990 A Nonlinear Optimization Model of Water Allocation for Hydroelectric Energy Production and Irrigation***by*Gad Rabinowitz & Abraham Mehrez & Gideon Oron**991-1004 Joint Determination of Optimal Inventory and Quality Control Policy***by*Michael H. Peters & Helmut Schneider & Kwei Tang**1005-1022 Lagrangian Relaxation Methods for Solving the Minimum Fleet Size Multiple Traveling Salesman Problem with Time Windows***by*Jacques Desrosiers & Michel Sauvé & François Soumis**1023-1026 Note---On the Minimum of a Nonconvex Inventory Function***by*Chandrasekhar Das**1026-1029 Note---On Making the Illustration Illustrative: A Comment on Banker, Conrad and Strauss***by*Richard G. Frank**1029-1033 Note---A Note on Including Ordinal Relations Among Multipliers in Data Envelopment Analysis***by*Boaz Golany**1033-1033 Erratum---"Reply: Consider the Principal Finding": A Reply to William T. Ross (Vol. 34, No. 5, May 1988, pp. 672--673)***by*Robin M. Hogarth & Spyros Makridakis**1034-1035 About Authors***by*anonymous**1033-1033 Erratum---"Long Range Process Design and Compatibility Among Operations" (Vol. 34, No. 5, May 1988)***by*Jaya Singhal & Kalyan Singhal & James K. Weeks

### 1988, Volume 34, Issue 7

**805-815 Defensive Marketing Strategies: An Equilibrium Analysis Based on Decoupled Response Function Models***by*K. Ravi Kumar & D. Sudharshan**816-835 Strategic Decision Processes in High Velocity Environments: Four Cases in the Microcomputer Industry***by*L. J. Bourgeois, III & Kathleen M. Eisenhardt**836-842 An Additive Group Utility for a Fund Manager***by*Robert F. Bordley**843-858 Algorithms for Scheduling a Single Machine to Minimize the Weighted Number of Late Jobs***by*C. N. Potts & L. N. Van Wassenhove**859-879 Mitigating End Effects in the Dynamic Vehicle Allocation Model***by*Richard E. Hughes & Warren B. Powell**880-895 Stock Allocation in a Two-Echelon Distribution System Or "What to Do Until Your Ship Comes In"***by*Peter L. Jackson**896-908 The Siting of Emergency Service Facilities with Workload Capacities and Backup Service***by*Hasan Pirkul & David A. Schilling**909-916 Note---When Does Lag Structure Really Matter ... Indeed?***by*Alain Bultez & Philippe Naert**917-918 Reply to "When Does Lag Structure Really Matter ... Indeed?"***by*Wesley A. Magat & John M. McCann & Richard C. Morey**919-920 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1988, Volume 34, Issue 6

**679-695 Decision Analysis: Practice and Promise***by*Ronald A. Howard**696-706 Blacklisting Social Science Departments with Poor Ph.D. Submission Rates***by*Richard A. Colombo & Donald G. Morrison**707-723 Competitive Maps: The Structure Underlying Asymmetric Cross Elasticities***by*Lee G. Cooper**724-733 Game-Theoretic Optimal Portfolios***by*Robert Bell & Thomas M. Cover**734-752 Forecasting with a Repeat Purchase Diffusion Model***by*Ambar G. Rao & Masataka Yamada**753-760 Component Commonality with Service Level Requirements***by*Yigal Gerchak & Michael J. Magazine & A. Bruce Gamble**761-773 A Continuous Review Model for an Inventory System with Two Supply Modes***by*Kamran Moinzadeh & Steven Nahmias**774-783 A Transportation Problem in Which Costs Depend on the Order of Arrival***by*Eric V. Denardo & Uriel G. Rothblum & Arthur J. Swersey**784-790 A Comparison of Two Elicitation Methods for a Prior Distribution for a Binomial Parameter***by*Umesh Gavasakar**791-796 Periodic Versus "Can-Order" Policies for Coordinated Multi-Item Inventory Systems***by*Derek R. Atkins & Paul O. Iyogun**797-800 The Value of Pre-Decision Side Bets for Utility Maximizers***by*David E. Bell**801-803 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1988, Volume 34, Issue 5

**555-568 An Experiment in Approval Voting***by*Peter C. Fishburn & John D. C. Little**569-582 Lead User Analyses for the Development of New Industrial Products***by*Glen L. Urban & Eric von Hippel**583-598 Information Technology and Organizational Change: Causal Structure in Theory and Research***by*M. Lynne Markus & Daniel Robey**599-618 Strategic Implications of Darwinian Economics for Selling Efficiency and Choice of Integrated or Independent Sales Forces***by*Erin Anderson**619-632 Long Range Process Design and Compatibility Among Operations***by*Jaya Singhal & Kalyan Singhal & James K. Weeks**633-644 A New Algorithm for the 0-1 Knapsack Problem***by*Silvano Martello & Paolo Toth**645-665 Utility Functions for Infinite-Period Planning***by*Charles M. Harvey**666-671 Note---Optimal Pricing Policy for the Service Facility Offering a Set of Priority Prices***by*Hanna Alperstein**672-673 Reply---Consider the Principal Finding: A Reply to William T. Ross***by*Robin M. Hogarth & Spyros Makridakis**676-677 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1988, Volume 34, Issue 4

**431-445 The Effects of Splitting Attributes on Weights in Multiattribute Utility Measurement***by*Martin Weber & Franz Eisenführ & Detlof von Winterfeldt**446-453 Mean Lower Partial Moment Valuation and Lognormally Distributed Returns***by*Wayne Y. Lee & Ramesh K. S. Rao**454-460 Dominance Conditions for Multivariate Utility Functions***by*Marco Scarsini**461-468 A Study of User Interface Aids for Model-Oriented Decision Support Systems***by*Brian L. Dos Santos & Martin L. Bariff**469-481 State-Level Efforts to Transfer Manufacturing Technology: A Survey of Programs and Practices***by*Andrew W. Wyckoff & Louis G. Tornatzky**482-499 Service Constrained (s, S) Inventory Systems with Priority Demand Classes and Lost Sales***by*Morris A. Cohen & Paul R. Kleindorfer & Hau L. Lee**500-508 Optimal Order of Servers for Tandem Queues in Light Traffic***by*Betsy S. Greenberg & Ronald W. Wolff**509-527 The Relationship Between Shareholding Concentration and Shareholder Voting Power in British Companies: A Study of the Application of Power Indices for Simple Games***by*Dennis Leech**528-540 Economic Contests with Incomplete Information and Optimal Contest Design***by*Nirvikar Singh & Donald Wittman**541-546 A Simple Method of Computing Prediction Intervals for Time Series Forecasts***by*Everette S. Gardner, Jr.**547-552 Note---Optimal Work-Rest Scheduling with Exponential Work-Rate Decay***by*Stephen E. Bechtold & DeWitt L. Sumners**553-554 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1988, Volume 34, Issue 3

**263-265 The Design, Analysis and Implementation of Heuristics***by*Marshall L. Fisher & Alexander H. G. Rinnooy Kan**266-290 Asymptotic Methods in the Probabilistic Analysis of Sequencing and Packing Heuristics***by*E. G. Coffman, Jr. & G. S. Lueker & A. H. G. Rinnooy Kan**291-305 Heuristics Based on Spacefilling Curves for Combinatorial Problems in Euclidean Space***by*John J. Bartholdi, III & Loren K. Platzman**306-330 Minimum Spillage Sequencing***by*Craig A. Tovey & Gideon Weiss & James R. Wilson**331-341 Heuristics with Constant Error Guarantees for the Design of Tree Networks***by*Kemal Altinkemer & Bezalel Gavish**342-376 Finding Embedded Network Rows in Linear Programs I. Extraction Heuristics***by*Robert E. Bixby & Robert Fourer**377-390 A Heuristic Scheduling Policy for Multi-Item, Single-Machine Production Systems with Time-Varying, Stochastic Demands***by*Robert C. Leachman & André Gascon**391-401 The Shifting Bottleneck Procedure for Job Shop Scheduling***by*Joseph Adams & Egon Balas & Daniel Zawack**402-410 Note---An Approximate Algorithm for Multidimensional Zero-One Knapsack Problems---A Parametric Approach***by*Jae Sik Lee & Monique Guignard**411-419 Piecewise-Linear Approximation Methods for Nonseparable Convex Optimization***by*B. Feijoo & R. R. Meyer**420-426 An O(T 2 ) Algorithm for the NI/G/NI/ND Capacitated Lot Size Problem***by*Chia-Shin Chung & Chien-Hua Mike Lin**427-429 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1988, Volume 34, Issue 2

**139-159 Decision Support System Effectiveness: A Review and an Empirical Test***by*Ramesh Sharda & Steve H. Barr & James C. McDonnell**160-166 Momentum Accounting and Managerial Goals on Impulses***by*Yuji Ijiri**167-185 Modeling Multiattribute Utility, Risk, and Belief Dynamics for New Consumer Durable Brand Choice***by*John H. Roberts & Glen L. Urban**186-199 The Reliability of Subjective Probabilities Obtained Through Decomposition***by*H. V. Ravinder & Don N. Kleinmuntz & James S. Dyer**200-214 Frames of Mind in Intertemporal Choice***by*George F. Loewenstein**215-229 Optimizing Resource Acquisition Decisions by Stochastic Programming***by*Daniel Bienstock & Jeremy F. Shapiro**230-239 Information Cost and Innovation Adoption Policies***by*Richard Jensen**240-253 Optimally Balancing Large Assembly Lines with "Fable"***by*Roger V. Johnson**254-260 Note---A Branch-and-Bound Approach to the Bicriterion Scheduling Problem Involving Total Flowtime and Range of Lateness***by*Tapan Sen & Farhad M. E. Raiszadeh & Parthasarati Dileepan**261-262 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1988, Volume 34, Issue 1

**1-26 A Goal Programming/Constrained Regression Review of the Bell System Breakup***by*A. Charnes & W. W. Cooper & T. Sueyoshi**27-38 Rejoinder---Natural Monopoly and the Bell System: Response to Charnes, Cooper and Sueyoshi***by*David S. Evans & James J. Heckman**39-64 Perturbation Analysis Gives Strongly Consistent Sensitivity Estimates for the M/G/1 Queue***by*Rajan Suri & Michael A. Zazanis**65-74 Analyzing Simulation Experiments with Common Random Numbers***by*Jack P. C. Kleijnen**75-100 Multiproduct Queueing Networks with Deterministic Routing: Decomposition Approach and the Notion of Interference***by*Gabriel R. Bitran & Devanath Tirupati**101-118 Evaluating Project Scheduling and Due Date Assignment Procedures: An Experimental Analysis***by*John Dumond & Vincent A. Mabert**119-130 Optimal Advertising Policies for Diffusion Models of New Product Innovation in Monopolistic Situations***by*Engelbert Dockner & Steffen Jørgensen**131-134 Note---Price Indexes to Calculate Real R&D Expenditures***by*Klaus Brockhoff**136-137 About Authors***by*anonymous

### 1987, Volume 33, Issue 12

**1511-1522 What is an Application and When is Theory a Waste of Time?***by*M. Shubik**1523-1533 A Heuristic Approach to Product Design***by*Rajeev Kohli & Ramesh Krishnamurti**1534-1551 Strategy Maps: A Spatial Representation of Intra-Industry Competitive Strategy***by*Diana L. Day & Wayne S. DeSarbo & Terence A. Oliva**1552-1562 Tests of the Efficiency of Racetrack Betting Using Bookmaker Odds***by*Ron Bird & Michael McCrae**1563-1571 Dynamic Patent Races with Risky Choices***by*Jaesun Park**1572-1592 Testing Behavioral Simulation Models by Direct Experiment***by*John D. Sterman**1593-1601 A Bicriteria Mathematical Programming Model for Nutrition Planning in Developing Nations***by*Harold P. Benson & Thomas L. Morin**1602-1612 The Optimal Treatment Strategy---A Patient's Perspective***by*A. Mehrez & A. Gafni**1613-1621 Multi-Item, One-Warehouse, Multi-Retailer Distribution Systems***by*John A. Muckstadt & Robin O. Roundy**1622-1634 Optimal Use and the Value of Water Resources in Electricity Generation***by*Prodromos G. Efthymoglou**1635-1636 Note---Comment on: A Generalized Quantity Discount Pricing Model to Increase Supplier's Profits***by*S. K. Goyal

### 1987, Volume 33, Issue 11

**1367-1382 Lottery Dependent Utility***by*Joao L. Becker & Rakesh K. Sarin**1383-1403 The Theory of Ratio Scale Estimation: Saaty's Analytic Hierarchy Process***by*Patrick T. Harker & Luis G. Vargas