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Measuring Brand Value in an Equilibrium Framework

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Listed:
  • Avi Goldfarb

    () (University of Toronto)

  • Qiang Lu

    () (University of Sydney)

  • Sridhar Moorthy

    () (University of Toronto)

Abstract

We propose a structural approach to measuring brand and subbrand value using observational data. Brand value is defined as the difference in equilibrium profit between the brand in question and its counterfactual unbranded equivalent on search attributes. Our model allows us to make this computation rigorously, taking into account competitors’ and retailers’ reactions in the real and counterfactual situations. We illustrate our method using quarterly city-level data on ready-to-eat breakfast cereals, and compare our brand value estimates with those obtained from previously used reduced-form methods. A key advantage of our methodology is that it provides estimates of the value of brands to firms—manufacturers and retailers—taking into account the brand’s value to consumers as well as its impact on firm decisions.

Suggested Citation

  • Avi Goldfarb & Qiang Lu & Sridhar Moorthy, 2007. "Measuring Brand Value in an Equilibrium Framework," Food Marketing Policy Center Research Reports 099, University of Connecticut, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Charles J. Zwick Center for Food and Resource Policy.
  • Handle: RePEc:zwi:fpcrep:099
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    Cited by:

    1. Jiang, Renna & Manchanda, Puneet & Rossi, Peter E., 2009. "Bayesian analysis of random coefficient logit models using aggregate data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 149(2), pages 136-148, April.
    2. repec:eee:ijrema:v:30:y:2013:i:1:p:19-35 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. L von Auer & M Trede, 2012. "The dynamics of brand equity: a hedonic regression approach to the laser printer market," Journal of the Operational Research Society, Palgrave Macmillan;The OR Society, vol. 63(10), pages 1351-1362, October.
    4. Yupin Yang & Mengze Shi & Avi Goldfarb, 2009. "Estimating the Value of Brand Alliances in Professional Team Sports," Marketing Science, INFORMS, vol. 28(6), pages 1095-1111, 11-12.
    5. Baye, Michael R. & De los Santos, Babur & Wildenbeest, Matthijs R., 2016. "What’s in a name? Measuring prominence and its impact on organic traffic from search engines," Information Economics and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 44-57.
    6. Ron Shachar & Tülin Erdem & Keisha M. Cutright & Gavan J. Fitzsimons, 2011. "Brands: The Opiate of the Nonreligious Masses?," Marketing Science, INFORMS, vol. 30(1), pages 92-110, 01-02.
    7. Bart J. Bronnenberg & Jean-Pierre Dubé & Matthew Gentzkow & Jesse M. Shapiro, 2015. "Do Pharmacists Buy Bayer? Informed Shoppers and the Brand Premium," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 130(4), pages 1669-1726.
    8. Kusum Ailawadi & Eric Bradlow & Michaela Draganska & Vincent Nijs & Robert Rooderkerk & K. Sudhir & Kenneth Wilbur & Jie Zhang, 2010. "Empirical models of manufacturer-retailer interaction: A review and agenda for future research," Marketing Letters, Springer, vol. 21(3), pages 273-285, September.
    9. Michael R. Baye & Babur De los Santos & Matthijs R. Wildenbeest, 2016. "Search Engine Optimization: What Drives Organic Traffic to Retail Sites?," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 25(1), pages 6-31, March.

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