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Gleicher Lohn für gleiche Arbeit? Zum Zusammenhang zwischen Gewerkschaftsmitgliedschaft und Lohnstruktur in Westdeutschland 1985?1997

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  • Fitzenberger, Bernd
  • Kohn, Karsten

Abstract

Diese Arbeit untersucht den Zusammenhang zwischen dem gewerkschaftlichen Nettoorganisationsgrad als Maß für die Gewerkschaftsmacht und der Lohnstruktur in und zwischen Segmenten des deutschen Arbeitsmarktes in den Jahren 1985 bis 1997 auf Basis der IAB-Beschäftigtenstichprobe. Dem Datensatz werden prognostizierte individuelle Wahrscheinlichkeiten der Mitgliedschaft in einer Gewerkschaft aus Schätzungen von Beck und Fitzenberger (2004) hinzugespielt. Einem Versicherungsmotiv für die Gewerkschaftsmitgliedschaft entsprechend geht ein höherer Organisationsgrad c. p. mit einem geringeren Lohnniveau und einer Reduktion residualer Lohndispersion einher. Darüber hinaus fallen auch qualifikatorische Lohndifferenziale in Segmenten mit starken Gewerkschaften geringer aus. In Übereinstimmung mit einem Mindestlohncharakter gewerkschaftlich ausgehandelter Löhne erfolgt die Stauchung der Lohnverteilung insbesondere im unteren Bereich. Die Gewerkschaftseffekte variieren ferner mit dem Alter der Arbeitnehmer und über die Zeit.

Suggested Citation

  • Fitzenberger, Bernd & Kohn, Karsten, 2006. "Gleicher Lohn für gleiche Arbeit? Zum Zusammenhang zwischen Gewerkschaftsmitgliedschaft und Lohnstruktur in Westdeutschland 1985?1997," ZEW Discussion Papers 06-006, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:4585
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    Cited by:

    1. John Addison & Paulino Teixeira & Jens Stephani & Lutz Bellmann, 2012. "Can German Unions Still Cut It?," GEMF Working Papers 2012-19, GEMF, Faculty of Economics, University of Coimbra.
    2. Bernd Fitzenberger & Karsten Kohn & Alexander C. Lembcke, 2013. "Union Density and Varieties of Coverage: The Anatomy of Union Wage Effects in Germany," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 66(1), pages 169-197, January.
    3. John Addison & Paulino Teixeira & Katalin Evers & Lutz Bellmann, 2014. "Indicative and Updated Estimates of the Collective Bargaining Premium in Germany," Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 53(1), pages 125-156, January.
    4. Kohn, Karsten & Lembcke, Alexander, 2007. "Wage distributions by bargaining regime: linked employer-employee data evidence from Germany," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 19699, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    5. Anja Heinze & Elke Wolf, 2010. "The intra-firm gender wage gap: a new view on wage differentials based on linked employer–employee data," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 23(3), pages 851-879, June.
    6. Wolf, Elke & Heinze, Anja, 2007. "How to Limit Discrimination? Analyzing the Effects of Innovative Workplace Practices on Intra-Firm Gender Wage Gaps Using Linked Employer-Employee Data," ZEW Discussion Papers 07-077, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    7. Heinze, Anja, 2010. "Beyond the mean gender wage gap: Decomposition of differences in wage distributions using quantile regression," ZEW Discussion Papers 10-043, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Gewerkschaften; Organisationsgrad; Lohnniveau; Lohndispersion; Alter; Qualifikation; Sektoren;

    JEL classification:

    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J51 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Trade Unions: Objectives, Structure, and Effects

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