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Existenzgründungen: Ein Weg zur Beschäftigungsförderung?

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  • Pfeiffer, Friedhelm

Abstract

In dem vorliegenden Artikel werden ausgewählte theoretische und empirische Aspekte des Zusammenhangs zwischen Existenzgründungen, staatlichem Handeln und Beschäftigung diskutiert. Dabei wird die Frage, ob Existenzgründungen zusätzliche Beschäftigung schaffen überwiegend aus einer volkswirtschaftlichen (und nicht aus einer sektoralen oder regionalen) Sicht beleuchtet werden. Zusammenfassend zeigen theoretische Überlegungen und eine in mancher Hinsicht noch lückenhafte empirische Evidenz die Bedeutung von Existenzgründungen für die Zahl der Beschäftigten auf. Die Möglichkeiten des Staates, durch die Förderung von Existenzgründungen die Beschäftigung zu steigern, scheinen jedoch begrenzt. Jedenfalls gibt es noch zu wenige empirische Hinweise dafür, dass die umfangreichen staatlichen Aktivitäten die Zahl der Beschäftigten in der Gesamtwirtschaft erhöht haben.

Suggested Citation

  • Pfeiffer, Friedhelm, 2005. "Existenzgründungen: Ein Weg zur Beschäftigungsförderung?," ZEW Discussion Papers 05-71, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:4554
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    File URL: https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/24167/1/dp0571.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Simeon Djankov & Rafael La Porta & Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes & Andrei Shleifer, 2002. "The Regulation of Entry," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 117(1), pages 1-37.
    2. Johannes Gernandt & Friedhelm Pfeiffer, 2006. "Einstiegslöhne bei unvollkommenen Arbeitsmärkten," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 7(2), pages 147-172, May.
    3. Marianne Bertrand & Francis Kramarz, 2002. "Does Entry Regulation Hinder Job Creation? Evidence from the French Retail Industry," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 117(4), pages 1369-1413.
    4. David G. Blanchflower, 2004. "Self-Employment: More may not be better," NBER Working Papers 10286, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    6. Fonseca, Raquel & Lopez-Garcia, Paloma & Pissarides, Christopher A., 2001. "Entrepreneurship, start-up costs and employment," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 45(4-6), pages 692-705, May.
    7. Daron Acemoglu & Pol Antras & Elhanan Helpman, 2005. "Contracts and the Division of Labor," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 2074, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
    8. Baumol, William J., 1996. "Entrepreneurship: Productive, unproductive, and destructive," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 11(1), pages 3-22, January.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Göggel Kathrin & Gräb Johannes & Pfeiffer Friedhelm, 2007. "Selbständigkeit in Europa 1991–2003: Empirische Evidenz mit Länderdaten / Self-Employment in 15 European Countries 1991–2003," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 227(2), pages 153-167, April.
    2. repec:jns:jbstat:v:227:y:2007:i:2:p:153-167 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Gernandt Johannes & Pfeiffer Friedhelm, 2007. "Rising Wage Inequality in Germany," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 227(4), pages 358-380, August.
    4. Caliendo, Marco & Kritikos, Alexander S. & Wießner, Frank, 2006. "Existenzgründungsförderung in Deutschland: Zwischenergebnisse aus der Hartz-Evaluation," Discussion Papers 253, European University Viadrina Frankfurt (Oder), Department of Business Administration and Economics.
    5. Caliendo, Marco & Kritikos, Alexander & Wießner, Frank, 2006. "Existenzgründungsförderung in Deutschland : Zwischenergebnisse aus der Hartz-Evaluation (Promotion of business start-ups in Germany : first results from the "Hartz evaluation")," Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung - Journal for Labour Market Research, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 39(3/4), pages 505-531.
    6. repec:wfo:wstudy:27459 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Existenzgründungen; Regulierung; Förderprogramme; Beschäftigung;

    JEL classification:

    • J48 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Particular Labor Markets; Public Policy
    • L50 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - General
    • D40 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - General

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