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Existenzgründungsförderung in Deutschland: Zwischenergebnisse aus der Hartz-Evaluation

Author

Listed:
  • Marco Caliendo

    (DIW Berlin, IZA Bonn, IAB Nürnberg)

  • Alexander S. Kritikos

    (GfA, Berlin & Europa-Universität Viadrina, Frankfurt (Oder))

  • Frank Wießner

    (IAB Nürnberg)

Abstract

Die Existenzgründungsförderung für Arbeitslose gewinnt als arbeits-marktpolitisches Instrument in Deutschland zunehmend an Bedeutung. Mit der Einführung des Existenzgründungszuschusses (ExGZ) zum 1.1.2003 steht gründungswilligen Arbeitslosen - neben dem Überbrückungsgeld (ÜG) - nun ein zweites Förderinstrument zur Verfügung. Im Jahr 2004 nutzten insgesamt mehr als 350.000 Personen eines der beiden Programme und unterstreichen damit deren Bedeutung im arbeitsmarktpolitischen Kanon. Im Rahmen der Hartz-Evaluation ist es nun erstmals möglich, beide Programme im Hinblick auf Zielgruppenauswahl und Effektivität zu beurteilen. Erste Ergebnisse zeigen, dass sowohl ÜG als auch ExGZ helfen, eine Rückkehr in Arbeitslosigkeit zu vermeiden. Insbesondere für das Überbrückungsgeld basiert diese Aussage auf einem ausreichenden Zeitraum nach Beendigung der Förderung, während beim ExGZ die Förderung zum Untersuchungszeitpunkt noch andauerte und somit erst ein Zwischenfazit möglich ist. Weiterhin werden mit dem ExGZ Zielgruppen erreicht, die bisher im gesamten Gründungsgeschehen unterrepräsentiert waren. Dementsprechend unterscheiden sich ÜG- von ExGZ-Gründungen erheblich.

Suggested Citation

  • Marco Caliendo & Alexander S. Kritikos & Frank Wießner, 2006. "Existenzgründungsförderung in Deutschland: Zwischenergebnisse aus der Hartz-Evaluation," Working Papers 0006, Gesellschaft für Arbeitsmarktaktivierung (GfA).
  • Handle: RePEc:gfa:wpaper:0006
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Pfeiffer, Friedhelm & Reize, Frank, 2000. "Business start-ups by the unemployed -- an econometric analysis based on firm data," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(5), pages 629-663, September.
    2. Marco Caliendo & Frank Fossen & Alexander Kritikos, 2009. "Risk attitudes of nascent entrepreneurs–new evidence from an experimentally validated survey," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 32(2), pages 153-167, February.
    3. Pfeiffer, Friedhelm, 2005. "Existenzgründungen: Ein Weg zur Beschäftigungsförderung?," ZEW Discussion Papers 05-71, ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research.
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    Cited by:

    1. Block, Joern & Kohn, Karsten, 2011. "Sozialpolitische Ziele der Gründungsförderung am Beispiel von Gründungen aus der Arbeitslosigkeit [Social policy as a motivation for start-up subsidies: supporting start-ups out of unemployment]," MPRA Paper 30775, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Bernhard, Sarah & Hohmeyer, Katrin & Jozwiak, Eva & Koch, Susanne & Kruppe, Thomas & Stephan, Gesine & Wolff, Joachim, 2008. "Aktive Arbeitsmarktpolitik in Deutschland und ihre Wirkungen," IAB-Forschungsbericht 200802, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    3. Marco Caliendo & Alexander S. Kritikos, 2008. "Is Entrepreneurial Success Predictable? An Ex‐Ante Analysis of the Character‐Based Approach," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 61(2), pages 189-214, May.
    4. Alexander S. Kritikos & Christoph Kneiding & Claas Christian Germelmann, 2006. "Is there a Market for Micro-Lending in Industrialized Countries? - Evidence from Germany," Working Papers 0003, Gesellschaft für Arbeitsmarktaktivierung (GfA).
    5. Sandner, Philipp G. & Block, Jörn H. & Lutz, Andreas, 2008. "Determinanten des Erfolgs staatlich geförderter Existenzgründungen – eine empirische Untersuchung," Discussion Papers in Business Administration 2968, University of Munich, Munich School of Management.
    6. Heyer, Gerd & Koch, Susanne & Stephan, Gesine & Wolff, Joachim, 2011. "Evaluation der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik: Ein Sachstandsbericht für die Instrumentenreform 2011 (Evaluation of active labor market programs : a summary of recent results for the German program refor," IAB-Discussion Paper 201117, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    7. Caliendo, Marco & Künn, Steffen & Wießner, Frank, 2012. "Der Gründungszuschuss in Brandenburg: Eine regionale Analyse," IZA Research Reports 48, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    8. Gerd Heyer & Susanne Koch & Gesine Stephan & Joachim Wolff, 2012. "Evaluation der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik: Ein Sachstandsbericht für die Instrumentenreform 2011 [Evaluation of active labor market programs: a summary of recent results for the German program ref," Journal for Labour Market Research, Springer;Institute for Employment Research/ Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), vol. 45(1), pages 41-62, March.
    9. Gerd Heyer & Susanne Koch & Gesine Stephan & Joachim Wolff, 2012. "Evaluation der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik: Ein Sachstandsbericht für die Instrumentenreform 2011," Journal for Labour Market Research, Springer;Institute for Employment Research/ Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), vol. 45(1), pages 41-62, March.

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