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Selektivität, soziale Bindung und räumliche Mobilität –Eine Analyse der Rückkehrpräferenz

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  • Schneider, Lutz
  • Kubis, Alexander
  • Wiest, Delia

Abstract

Die Abwanderung überwiegend junger, gebildeter Menschen aus Ostdeutschland wird häufig als nachteilig für die Entwicklungsfähigkeit und den Aufholprozess der Neuen Länder betrachtet. Das Phänomen der Zuwanderung - und dabei nicht zuletzt der Rückwanderung vormals Abgewanderter - findet in diesem Zusammenhang besonderes Interesse. Die vorliegende Arbeit analysiert die Rückwanderungsneigung auf Basis eines im Rahmen des DFG-Forschungsprojektes 'Brain drain aus Ostdeutschland' am Lehrstuhl für Sozialgeographie der Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg erhobenen Datensatzes zu den Einstellungen und Motivlagen aus Sachsen-Anhalt abgewanderter junger Menschen. Dabei wird auf folgende Aspekte besonderer Wert gelegt: die Wirkung des Arbeitsmarkterfolges nach der Abwanderung; der Einfluss sozialer Bindungen in der Herkunfts- und der Zielregion; schließlich die Selektivität der Rückwanderungsneigung. Im Ergebnis zeigt sich erstens, dass der individuelle Arbeitsmarkterfolg in der Zielregion die Rückkehrneigung verringert. Zweitens konnte die rückwanderungsfördernde Wirkung bestehender sozialer Bindungen zum Herkunftsgebiet nachgewiesen werden. Hinsichtlich der Selektivität der Rückwanderungsintentionen sind die Ergebnisse ambivalent.

Suggested Citation

  • Schneider, Lutz & Kubis, Alexander & Wiest, Delia, 2010. "Selektivität, soziale Bindung und räumliche Mobilität –Eine Analyse der Rückkehrpräferenz," IWH Discussion Papers 17/2010, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:iwhdps:iwh-17-10
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. MichaelaFuchs & AntjeWeyh, 2016. "Rückwanderung von Beschäftigten nach Ostdeutschland: Räumliche Muster und soziodemographische Strukturen," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 23(03), pages 19-27, June.
    2. Michaela Fuchs & Antje Weyh, 2015. "Return migration to East Germany: Spatial patterns and the relevance for regional labor markets," ERSA conference papers ersa15p835, European Regional Science Association.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Rückwanderung; regionale Konvergenz; Ostdeutschland; Return migration; regional convergence; East Germany;

    JEL classification:

    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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