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Beschäftigungswirkungen der Internationalisierung - Eine Studie aus- und einfließender Direktinvestitionen der Metall- und Elektroindustrie im Raum Stuttgart

  • Holwegler, Bernhard
  • Trautwein, Hans-Michael

Globalisierung' lautet das Schlagwort, das seit geraumer Zeit die wirtschaftspolitischen Debatten beherrscht. Zunächst war damit vor allem die Öffnung von nationalen Güterund Finanzmärkten gemeint, die mit einem enormen Wachstum der Güterexporte und internationalen Finanztransaktionen einherging. Die Mobilität des Kapitals hat nicht nur in der finanziellen, sondern auch in der realen Dimension zugenommen. Das Zwillingsschlagwort ‚Internationalisierung' kennzeichnet somit einen Trend zur grenzüberschreitenden Vernetzung von Produktionsprozessen innerhalb einzelner Unternehmen, aber auch eine erhebliche Erweiterung der Optionen zur Verlagerung von Produktionsstandorten. Dieser zweite Aspekt gerät angesichts der hohen Arbeitslosigkeit in Deutschland immer wieder in den Mittelpunkt von Kontroversen. Hierbei dient häufig das Verhältnis von aus- zu einfließenden Direktinvestitionen als 'globaler Indikator' für die Qualität des Standorts Deutschland. Der chronische Überschuß der ausfließenden Direktinvestitionen in der Zahlungsbilanz wird gemeinhin als Zeichen für eine 'Standortschwäche' gedeutet, die zu Beschäftigungsverlusten führen muß.

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Paper provided by Promotionsschwerpunkt "Globalisierung und Beschaeftigung" in its series Violette Reihe Arbeitspapiere with number 1/1998.

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Date of creation: Jul 1998
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:hohpro:y1998i01p1-89
Contact details of provider: Postal: D-70593 Stuttgart
Phone: 0711/459-22992
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Web page: https://www.uni-hohenheim.de/wi-theorie/globalisierung/
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  1. Blomström, Magnus & Fors, Gunnar & Lipsey, Robert E., 1997. "Foreign Direct Investment and Employment: Home Country Experience in the United States and Sweden," Working Paper Series 490, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
  2. Edward M. Graham & Paul Krugman, 1995. "Foreign Direct Investment in the United States, 3rd Edition," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number 52, December.
  3. Agarwal, Jamuna Prasad, 1996. "Does foreign direct investment contribute to unemployment in home countries? An empirical survey," Kiel Working Papers 765, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
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