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Stay-at-Home Orders, Social Distancing and Trust

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  • Brodeur, Abel
  • Grigoryeva, Idaliya
  • Kattan, Lamis

Abstract

A better understanding of community response to government decisions is crucial for policy makers and health officials during the COVID-19 pandemic. In this study, we document the determinants of implementation and compliance with stay-at-home orders in the U.S., focusing on trust and social capital. Using cell phone data measuring changes in non-essential visitation and average distance traveled, we find that high-trust counties decrease their mobility significantly more than low-trust counties post stay-at-home order, with larger effects for more stringent orders. We also provide evidence that the estimated effect on post-order compliance is especially large for confidence in the press and governmental institutions, and relatively smaller for confidence in medicine and in science.

Suggested Citation

  • Brodeur, Abel & Grigoryeva, Idaliya & Kattan, Lamis, 2021. "Stay-at-Home Orders, Social Distancing and Trust," GLO Discussion Paper Series 553 [pre.], Global Labor Organization (GLO).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:glodps:553pre
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    COVID-19; stay-at-home orders; social distancing; trust;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H12 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Crisis Management
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health

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