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Anti-Teilen in Teams

  • Kirstein, Roland

Soll der gemeinsam erzeugte Output zwischen den Mitgliedern eines Teams aufgeteilt werden, so kann dies die Anreize aller Mitglieder vermindern, unbeobachtbare Anstrengung zu leisten. Weist die gemeinsame Produktionsfunktion darüber hinaus positive Kreuzableitungen auf, so ist Teamarbeit zwar besonders sinnvoll. Allerdings senkt dann die ineffiziente Anstrengung der anderen Teammitglieder die Grenzproduktivität jedes einzelnen, was die individuell rationale Anstrengung noch weiter reduziert. Der Beitrag schlägt einen simplen Vertrag vor, der diese Probleme löst: Anti-Teilung. Im Rahmen dieses Vertrages hat jedes Teammitglied Aussicht auf den gesamten Teamoutput. Hierzu muß jedes Teammitglied sich verpflichten, einen fixen Betrag zu tragen, der allerdings kleiner ist als der effiziente Output. So implementiert Anti-Teilung allseitige effiziente Anstrengung als ein Nash-Gleichgewicht. Damit dieser Vertrag glaubwürdig ist, muß ein nicht-aktiver Akteur die Rolle des Anti-Teilers übernehmen. Dies kann ein externer Akteur sein, oder aber ein Mitglied des Teams übernimmt diese Rolle (interner Anti- Teiler). Externe Anti-Teilung implementiert das First-Best-Ergebnis, interne Anti-Teilung führt dagegen zu einem niedrigeren Output (der jedoch höher ausfallen kann als unter dem Aufteilungsvertrag).

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Paper provided by Saarland University, CSLE - Center for the Study of Law and Economics in its series CSLE Discussion Paper Series with number 2004-04.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:csledp:200404
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  1. Kandel, E. & Lazear, E.P., 1990. "Peer Pressure and Partnerships," Papers 90-07, Rochester, Business - Managerial Economics Research Center.
  2. Roland Kirstein & Neil Rickman, . "Third Party Contingency contracts in settlement and litigation," German Working Papers in Law and Economics 2002-1-1038, Berkeley Electronic Press.
  3. Christoph Lülfesmann, 2000. "Team Production, Sequential Investments and Stochastic Payoffs," Bonn Econ Discussion Papers bgse6_2001, University of Bonn, Germany.
  4. Roland Kirstein, 2000. "Risk Neutrality and Strategic Insurance," The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance - Issues and Practice, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 25(2), pages 251-261, April.
  5. Susan I. Cohen & Martin Loeb, 1984. "The Groves Scheme, Profit Sharing and Moral Hazard," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 30(1), pages 20-24, January.
  6. McAfee, R Preston & McMillan, John, 1991. "Optimal Contracts for Teams," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 32(3), pages 561-77, August.
  7. Jörg Finsinger & Mark V. Pauly, 1990. "The Double Liability Rule*," The Geneva Risk and Insurance Review, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 15(2), pages 159-169, September.
  8. Strausz, Roland, 1999. "Efficiency in Sequential Partnerships," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 85(1), pages 140-156, March.
  9. Eric Rasmusen, 1987. "Moral Hazard in Risk-Averse Teams," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 18(3), pages 428-435, Autumn.
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