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Price pressures

Author

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  • Hendershott, Terrence
  • Menkveld, Albert J.

Abstract

We study price pressures in stock prices-price deviations from fundamental value due to a risk-averse intermediary supplying liquidity to asynchronously arriving investors. Empirically, twelve years of daily New York Stock Exchange intermediary data reveal economically large price pressures. A $100,000 inventory shock causes an average price pressure of 0.28% with a half-life of 0.92 days. Price pressure causes average transitory volatility in daily stock returns of 0.49%. Price pressure effects are substantially larger with longer durations in smaller stocks. Theoretically, in a simple dynamic inventory model the 'representative' intermediary uses price pressure to control risk through inventory mean reversion. She trades off the revenue loss due to price pressure against the price risk associated with remaining in a nonzero inventory state. The model's closed-form solution identifies the intermediary's relative risk aversion and the distribution of investors' private values for trading from the observed time series patterns. These allow us to estimate the social costs-deviations from constrained Pareto efficiency-due to price pressure which average 0.35 basis points of the value traded.

Suggested Citation

  • Hendershott, Terrence & Menkveld, Albert J., 2010. "Price pressures," CFS Working Paper Series 2010/14, Center for Financial Studies (CFS).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:cfswop:201014
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Sabrina Buti & Barbara Rindi & Ingrid M. Werner, 2011. "Dark Pool Trading Strategies," Working Papers 421, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University.
    2. Stefan Nagel, 2012. "Evaporating Liquidity," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 25(7), pages 2005-2039.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Liquidity; Inventory Risk; Intermediary; Volatility;

    JEL classification:

    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • D53 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Financial Markets
    • D61 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Allocative Efficiency; Cost-Benefit Analysis

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