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Socio-demographic determinants of planning suicide and marijuana use among youths: are these patterns of behaviour causally related?

Author

Listed:
  • Rosa Duarte

    (Department of Economic Analysis, Faculty of Economics and Business Studies, Universidad de Zaragoza)

  • José Julián Escario

    (Department of Economic Analysis, Faculty of Economics and Business Studies, Universidad de Zaragoza)

  • José Alberto Molina

    (Department of Economic Analysis, Faculty of Economics and Business Studies, Universidad de Zaragoza)

Abstract

We analyse whether there is a causal relationship between planning suicide and marijuana use among US youths. To that end, we specify a simultaneous probability model which is estimated by maximum likelihood using the YRBS (1999 and 2001). We place emphasis on a number of socio-demographic risk determinants (gender, age, ethnicity, environmental and peer group factors). Our results confirm that marijuana use and planning suicide are not the result of a single determinant, but rather emerge from a complex interaction of many socio-demographic factors. Moreover, they suggest the presence of reverse causality, with this implying that marijuana use increases the probability of planning suicide and, similarly, that youths who plan to commit suicide exhibit a higher probability of using marijuana.

Suggested Citation

  • Rosa Duarte & José Julián Escario & José Alberto Molina, 2013. "Socio-demographic determinants of planning suicide and marijuana use among youths: are these patterns of behaviour causally related?," Documentos de Trabajo dt2013-03, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Zaragoza.
  • Handle: RePEc:zar:wpaper:dt2013-03
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Socio-Demographic determinants; Planning suicide; Marijuana use; Youths; Causality;
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