IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/zar/wpaper/dt2013-03.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Socio-demographic determinants of planning suicide and marijuana use among youths: are these patterns of behaviour causally related?

Author

Listed:
  • Rosa Duarte

    (Department of Economic Analysis, Faculty of Economics and Business Studies, Universidad de Zaragoza)

  • José Julián Escario

    (Department of Economic Analysis, Faculty of Economics and Business Studies, Universidad de Zaragoza)

  • José Alberto Molina

    () (Department of Economic Analysis, Faculty of Economics and Business Studies, Universidad de Zaragoza)

Abstract

We analyse whether there is a causal relationship between planning suicide and marijuana use among US youths. To that end, we specify a simultaneous probability model which is estimated by maximum likelihood using the YRBS (1999 and 2001). We place emphasis on a number of socio-demographic risk determinants (gender, age, ethnicity, environmental and peer group factors). Our results confirm that marijuana use and planning suicide are not the result of a single determinant, but rather emerge from a complex interaction of many socio-demographic factors. Moreover, they suggest the presence of reverse causality, with this implying that marijuana use increases the probability of planning suicide and, similarly, that youths who plan to commit suicide exhibit a higher probability of using marijuana.

Suggested Citation

  • Rosa Duarte & José Julián Escario & José Alberto Molina, 2013. "Socio-demographic determinants of planning suicide and marijuana use among youths: are these patterns of behaviour causally related?," Documentos de Trabajo dt2013-03, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Zaragoza.
  • Handle: RePEc:zar:wpaper:dt2013-03
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.dteconz.unizar.es/DT2013-03.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Ana Isabel Gil & Jose Alberto Molina, 2007. "Human development and alcohol abuse in adolescence," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(10), pages 1315-1323.
    2. David M. Cutler & Edward L. Glaeser & Karen E. Norberg, 2001. "Explaining the Rise in Youth Suicide," NBER Chapters,in: Risky Behavior among Youths: An Economic Analysis, pages 219-270 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. J. J. Escario & J. A. Molina, 2004. "Will a special tax on tobacco reduce lung cancer mortality? Evidence for EU countries," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(15), pages 1717-1722.
    4. Escario, Jose Julian & Molina, Jose Alberto, 2004. "Modeling the optimal fiscal policy on tobacco consumption," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 81-93, January.
    5. repec:aph:ajpbhl:2001:91:1:150-153_2 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:aph:ajpbhl:2001:91:5:742-752_4 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. John Mullahy, 1997. "Instrumental-Variable Estimation Of Count Data Models: Applications To Models Of Cigarette Smoking Behavior," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 79(4), pages 586-593, November.
    8. Vijay K. Mathur & Donald G. Freeman, 2002. "A theoretical model of adolescent suicide and some evidence from US data," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 11(8), pages 695-708.
    9. José -Alberto Molina & Rosa Duarte, 2006. "Suicide Attempts Among Adolescents," American Journal of Economics and Sociology, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 65(2), pages 407-434, April.
    10. repec:aph:ajpbhl:1993:83:2:179-184_4 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. repec:aph:ajpbhl:2001:91:8:1276-1281_7 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Fred Pampel, 1996. "Cohort size and age-specific suicide rates: A contingent relationship," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 33(3), pages 341-355, August.
    13. Smith, Richard J & Blundell, Richard W, 1986. "An Exogeneity Test for a Simultaneous Equation Tobit Model with an Application to Labor Supply," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 54(3), pages 679-685, May.
    14. Amemiya, Takeshi, 1978. "The Estimation of a Simultaneous Equation Generalized Probit Model," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(5), pages 1193-1205, September.
    15. Rosa Duarte & Jose-Julian Escario & Jose-Alberto Molina, 2011. "'Me, my classmates and my buddies': analysing peer group effects on student marijuana consumption," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(1), pages 89-105.
    16. Duarte, Rosa & Escario, Jose Julian & Molina, Jose Alberto, 2006. "Marijuana consumption and school failure among Spanish students," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 25(5), pages 472-481, October.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Socio-Demographic determinants; Planning suicide; Marijuana use; Youths; Causality;

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:zar:wpaper:dt2013-03. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Vicente Pinilla). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/fezares.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.