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Instrumental-Variable Estimation Of Count Data Models: Applications To Models Of Cigarette Smoking Behavior

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  • John Mullahy

Abstract

As with most analyses involving microdata, applications of count data models must somehow account for unobserved heterogeneity. The count model literature has generally assumed that unobservables and observed covariates are statistically independent. Yet for many applications this independence assumption is clearly tenuous. When the unobservables are omitted variables correlated with included regressors, standard estimation methods will generally be inconsistent. Though alternative consistent estimators may exist in special circumstances, it is suggested here that a nonlinear instrumental-variable strategy offers a reasonably general solution to such estimation problems. This approach is applied in two examples that focus on cigarette smoking behavior. © 1997 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

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  • John Mullahy, 1997. "Instrumental-Variable Estimation Of Count Data Models: Applications To Models Of Cigarette Smoking Behavior," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 79(4), pages 586-593, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:tpr:restat:v:79:y:1997:i:4:p:586-593
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