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Competitive Balance in Dutch Soccer

Author

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  • Ruud H. Koning

Abstract

Most sports are interesting because the outcome of a game cannot be predicted perfectly in advance. Indeed, sometimes sports organizations try to maximize the uncertainty associated with the outcomes of the games by restricting the behaviour of teams and players so as to maximize public interest. The degree of competitiveness in a league is also known as competitive balance. In this paper we propose a simple model analyze the outcome of soccer matches. The parameters of this model are used to assess whether comeptitive balance in Dutch soccer has decreased or increased over time.

Suggested Citation

  • Ruud H. Koning, 1999. "Competitive Balance in Dutch Soccer," Industrial Organization 9905001, EconWPA.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpio:9905001
    Note: Type of Document - pdf; prepared on ibm pc miktex; to print on HP; pages: 25 ; figures: included
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    File URL: http://econwpa.repec.org/eps/io/papers/9905/9905001.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Grier, Kevin B. & Tollison, Robert D., 1994. "The rookie draft and competitive balance: The case of professional football," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 293-298, October.
    2. Andrew Weiss, 1997. "Specification tests in ordered logit and probit models," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(4), pages 361-391.
    3. Neumann, G.R. & Tamura, R.F., 1996. "Managing Competition: The Case of the National Football League," Working Papers 96-15, University of Iowa, Department of Economics.
    4. P. Glewwe, 1997. "A test of the normality assumption in ordered probit model," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(1), pages 1-19.
    5. Rosen, Sherwin, 1981. "The Economics of Superstars," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(5), pages 845-858, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Young Hoon Lee & Rodney Fort, 2011. "Competitive Balance:Time Series Lessons from the English Premier League," Working Papers 1102, Research Institute for Market Economy, Sogang University, revised Jun 2011.
    2. Padma Rao Sahib, 2015. "Status, Peer Influence, and Racio-ethnic Diversity in Times of Institutional Change: An Examination from European Labour Law," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 126(2), pages 205-218, January.
    3. Antonio Marques, 2002. "Competitive Balance in the Portuguese premier league of professional soccer," Industrial Organization 0211025, EconWPA.
    4. Ruud H. Koning & Ian G. McHale, 2012. "Estimating Match and World Cup Winning Probabilities," Chapters,in: International Handbook on the Economics of Mega Sporting Events, chapter 11 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    5. Dafeng Xu, 2014. "Who Benefits from Globalization of Labor? Evidence from the 'Bosman Ruling'," ERSA conference papers ersa14p1089, European Regional Science Association.
    6. Scott Tainsky & Jason Winfree, 2010. "Short-Run Demand and Uncertainty of Outcome in Major League Baseball," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer;The Industrial Organization Society, vol. 37(3), pages 197-214, November.
    7. Ruud Koning, 2014. "Professional soccer in the Netherlands," Chapters,in: Handbook on the Economics of Professional Football, chapter 20, pages 336-350 Edward Elgar Publishing.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    professional soccer; competitive balance; ordered probit;

    JEL classification:

    • L - Industrial Organization

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