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A Structural Model of the Labor Market to Understand Gender Gaps among Marginalized Roma Communities

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  • Salazar-Saenz,Mauricio
  • Robayo,Monica

Abstract

This paper constructs and estimates a household-level search model to analyze Roma spouses' utility maximization for leisure, home production, and work. The paper aims to explain labor market gender gaps in a marginalized Roma population with low labor market participation rates (males 53 percent and females 17 percent). The analysis uses data from the 2017 Regional Roma Survey for six Western Balkan countries. The simulation results show that the main source for gender differentials in the labor market is the unequal opportunities in favor of males -- not gender preferences or differences in home production productivity. Therefore, most of the gender differences in the labor market can be closed by providing wives the same labor market conditions as husbands. Counterfactual policy experiments show that policies that increase the frequency of receiving a job offer, decrease the frequency of laying off workers, and reduce search increase Roma husbands' labor participation. Policies that equalize wages induces more wives to join the labor market and husbands to withdraw from it. This outcome signals that the wage gap is the dimension that deters the greatest number of Roma wives from joining the labor market.

Suggested Citation

  • Salazar-Saenz,Mauricio & Robayo,Monica, 2020. "A Structural Model of the Labor Market to Understand Gender Gaps among Marginalized Roma Communities," Policy Research Working Paper Series 9398, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:9398
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. A Structural Model of the Labor Market to Understand Gender Gaps among Marginalized Roma Communities
      by Christian Zimmermann in NEP-DGE blog on 2020-10-19 21:24:24

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Rural Labor Markets; Gender and Development; Employment and Unemployment; Inequality; Labor Markets;
    All these keywords.

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