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Labor Market Participation, Unemployment and Monetary Policy

Author

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  • Alessia Campolmi

    () (Central European University; Magyar Nemzeti Bank (central bank of Hungary))

  • Stefano Gnocchi

    () (Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)

Abstract

In the present paper we examine how the introduction of endogenous participation in an otherwise standard DSGE model with matching frictions and nominal rigidities affects business cycle dynamics and monetary policy. The contribution of the paper is threefold: first, we show that the model provides a good fit for employment and unemployment volatility, as well as participation volatility and its correlation with output for US data. Second, we show that in such a model, and contrary to a model with exogenous participation, a monetary authority that becomes more aggressive in fighting inflation decreases the volatility of employment and unemployment. Finally, we show the role of search costs in shaping those results.

Suggested Citation

  • Alessia Campolmi & Stefano Gnocchi, 2011. "Labor Market Participation, Unemployment and Monetary Policy," MNB Working Papers 2011/4, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary).
  • Handle: RePEc:mnb:wpaper:2011/4
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Elsby, Michael W.L. & Hobijn, Bart & Şahin, Ayşegül, 2015. "On the importance of the participation margin for labor market fluctuations," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 64-82.
    2. Matteo Salto, 2016. "Fiscal Policy after the Crisis – Workshop Proceedings," European Economy - Discussion Papers 2015 - 035, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
    3. Alessia Campolmi & Ester Faia & Roland Winkler, 2011. "Fiscal Calculus in a New Keynesian Model with Labor Market Frictions," MNB Working Papers 2011/5, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary).
    4. Konstantinos Angelopoulos & Wei Jiang & James Malley, 2017. "Targeted fiscal policy to increase employment and wages of unskilled workers," Studies in Economics 1704, School of Economics, University of Kent.
    5. Angelopoulos, Konstantinos & Jiang, Wei & Malley, James, 2015. "Fiscal multipliers in a two-sector search and matching model," SIRE Discussion Papers 2015-67, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE).
    6. Pappa, Evi & Sajedi, Rana & Vella, Eugenia, 2015. "Fiscal consolidation with tax evasion and corruption," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(S1), pages 56-75.
    7. Francesco Furlanetto & Ørjan Robstad, 2016. "Immigration and the macroeconomy: some new empirical evidence," Working Paper 2016/18, Norges Bank.
    8. Bandiera, Guilherme & Pappa, Evi & Sajedi, Rana & Vella, Eugenia, 2016. "Fiscal consolidation in a low inflation environment: pay cuts versus lost jobs," Bank of England working papers 628, Bank of England.
    9. István Konya, 2016. "Labor flows in Hungary and Europe," IEHAS Discussion Papers 1602, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
    10. repec:ijc:ijcjou:y:2018:q:2:a:1 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Bermperoglu, Dimitrios & Pappa, Evi & Vella, Eugenia, 2013. "Spending-based austerity measures and their effects on output and unemployment," CEPR Discussion Papers 9383, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    12. Claudio Cesaroni, 2017. "Optimal Long-Run Inflation and the Informal Economy," Bank of Lithuania Working Paper Series 46, Bank of Lithuania.
    13. Kónya, István, 2016. "Munkapiaci áramlások Magyarországon és Európában
      [Labour-market flows in Hungary and Europe]
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(4), pages 357-379.
    14. Yuelin Liu, 2014. "Endogenous Labor Force Participation, Involuntary Unemployment and Monetary Policy," Discussion Papers 2014-41, School of Economics, The University of New South Wales.
    15. Tüzemen, Didem, 2017. "Labor market dynamics with endogenous labor force participation and on-the-job search," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 28-51.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    matching frictions; endogenous participation; monetary policy;

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy

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