Understanding child labor in Ghana beyond poverty : the structure of the economy, social norms, and no returns to rural basic education
Child labor is pervasive across sub-Saharan Africa. A common assumption is that monetary poverty is its most important cause. The paper investigates this hypothesis with empirical evidence by exploring structural, geographic, monetary, demographic, cultural, seasonal and school-supply factors simultaneously that can affect child labor. It is a first attempt in the literature combining quantitative with qualitative methods to identify a much broader range of potential causes -- on the demand- and supply-side and at the micro and macro levels -- of why children work in agrarian economies like Ghana. Interviews with the Minister of Education and with children enrich the multivariate regression findings and identify interdependencies between schooling and child labor demand. The multiple causes of child labor include the country's agricultural dependency, demographics and social norms, as well as the geographic isolation of Northern children and no returns to rural basic education. It also finds that child labor and schooling are likely to become substitutes rather than complements when children live in an agricultural household in the North and are males. Policy responses are outlined particularly on the demand-side that are needed to help mitigate harmful child labor that affects children's education, with implications for similar agriculturally-dependent economies in sub-Saharan Africa.
|Date of creation:||01 Jun 2013|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: |
Phone: (202) 477-1234
Web page: http://www.worldbank.org/
More information through EDIRC
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Blunch, Niels-Hugo & Verner, Dorthe, 2001.
"Revisiting the Link Between Poverty and Child Labor: The Ghanaian Experience,"
CLS Working Papers
01-3, University of Aarhus, Aarhus School of Business, Centre for Labour Market and Social Research.
- Blunch, Niels-Hugo & Verner, Dorte, 2000. "Revisiting the link between poverty and child labor - the Ghanaian experience," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2488, The World Bank.
- World Bank, 2010. "Education in Ghana : Improving Equity, Efficiency and Accountability of Education Service Delivery," World Bank Other Operational Studies 3012, The World Bank.
- D. Vuri, 2008. "The effect of availability and distance to school on children's time allocation in Ghana and Guatemala," UCW Working Paper 40, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme).
- Heady, Christopher, 2003. "The Effect of Child Labor on Learning Achievement," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 385-398, February.
- Canagarajah, Sudharshan & Coulombe, Harold, 1997. "Child labor and schooling in Ghana," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1844, The World Bank.
- Ranjan Ray, 2002.
"The Determinants of Child Labour and Child Schooling in Ghana,"
Journal of African Economies,
Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 11(4), pages 561-590, December.
- Ray, R., 2000. "The Determinants of Child Labour and Child Schooling in Ghana," Papers 2000-5, Tasmania - Department of Economics.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:6513. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Roula I. Yazigi)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.