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The impact of trade with China and India on Argentina's manufacturing employment

  • Castro, Lucio
  • Olarreaga, Marcelo
  • Saslavsky, Daniel

For many in Latin America, the increasing participation of China and India in international markets is seen as a looming shadow of two"mighty giants"on the region's manufacturing sector. Are they really mighty giants when it comes to their impact on manufacturing employment? The authors attempt to answer this question by estimating the effects of trade with China and India on Argentina's industrial employment. They use a dynamic econometric model and industry level data to estimate the effects of trade with China and India on the level of employment in Argentina's manufacturing sector. Results suggest that trade with China and India only had a small negative effect on industrial employment, even during the swift trade liberalization of the 1990s.

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Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 4153.

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Date of creation: 01 Mar 2007
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:4153
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  1. Kiviet, Jan F., 1995. "On bias, inconsistency, and efficiency of various estimators in dynamic panel data models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 53-78, July.
  2. Gabriel Sanchez & Ines Butler, 2004. "Market institutions, labor market dynamics, and productivity in Argentina during the 1990s," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 7(4), pages 249-278.
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  9. Greenaway, David & Hine, Robert C. & Wright, Peter, 1999. "An empirical assessment of the impact of trade on employment in the United Kingdom," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 485-500, September.
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  12. Revenga, Ana, 1997. "Employment and Wage Effects of Trade Liberalization: The Case of Mexican Manufacturing," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 15(3), pages S20-43, July.
  13. Haltiwanger, John & Kugler, Adriana & Kugler, Maurice & Micco, Alejandro & Pagés, Carmen, 2004. "Effects of tariffs and real exchange rates on job reallocation: evidence from Latin America," Discussion Paper Series In Economics And Econometrics 0410, Economics Division, School of Social Sciences, University of Southampton.
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  15. Daniel S. Hamermesh, 2004. "Labor Demand in Latin America and the Caribbean. What Does It Tell Us?," NBER Chapters, in: Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean, pages 553-562 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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