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David Versus Goliath: The Impact of Chinese Competition on Developing Countries

  • Roberto Álvarez;
  • Sebastián Claro

We use detailed Chilean plant-level data from 1990 to 2000 to study the impact of Chinese import competition in manufacturing industries. We study whether China’s imports have been associated with a downsizing of manufacturing plants or whether firms have escaped Chinese competition through changes in output mix, productivity catch-up or increased exports. Our results show that imports from China have negatively affected employment growth on surviving plants and increased the probability of exit. In contrast to previous evidence for the United States, we do not find evidence that manufacturing plants have adjusted by producing more sophisticated goods or by exporting.

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Paper provided by Central Bank of Chile in its series Working Papers Central Bank of Chile with number 478.

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Date of creation: Aug 2008
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Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchwp:478
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  17. Lopez-Cordova, J. Ernesto & Micco, Alejandro & Molina, Danielken, 2008. "How sensitive are Latin American exports to Chinese competition in the U.S. market ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4497, The World Bank.
  18. Barry Eichengreen & Yeongseop Rhee & Hui Tong, 2004. "The Impact of China on the Exports of Other Asian Countries," NBER Working Papers 10768, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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