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Does cross-listing lead to functional convergence? Empirical evidence

Author

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  • Ayyagari, Meghana

Abstract

The author examines the effect of legal bonding on ownership and control structures of foreign firms cross-listing in the United States. Contrary to the predictions of corporate governance convergence theories, there is little evidence of convergence-related migration to a dispersed ownership structure on cross-listing. She finds that rather than as a means to change their governance structure, foreign firms use American Depository Receipts as a vehicle to sell control blocks, often to a new foreign owner. Firms that cross-list and sell stakes to domestic owners are from large economies with high stock market liquidity. In contrast, firm-level characteristics are more important predictors of a control change to a foreign owner. Cross-listing firms that sell control blocks to foreigners tend to be smaller, have low levels of debt, and have a high foreign income growth rate. The post cross-listing performance of firms that undergo a control change is also different from firms that do not experience a control change.

Suggested Citation

  • Ayyagari, Meghana, 2004. "Does cross-listing lead to functional convergence? Empirical evidence," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3264, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:3264
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ugur Lel & Darius P. Miller, 2008. "International Cross-Listing, Firm Performance, and Top Management Turnover: A Test of the Bonding Hypothesis," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 63(4), pages 1897-1937, August.
    2. Goergen, Marc & Renneboog, Luc, 2008. "Contractual corporate governance," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 166-182, June.
    3. Leuz, Christian, 2006. "Cross listing, bonding and firms' reporting incentives: A discussion of Lang, Raedy and Wilson (2006)," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(1-2), pages 285-299, October.
    4. Chung, Huimin, 2006. "Investor protection and the liquidity of cross-listed securities: Evidence from the ADR market," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(5), pages 1485-1505, May.
    5. Meghana Ayyagari & Asli Demirgüc-Kunt & Vojislav Maksimovic, 2008. "How Well Do Institutional Theories Explain Firms' Perceptions of Property Rights?," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 21(4), pages 1833-1871, July.
    6. You, Leyuan & Parhizgari, Ali M. & Srivastava, Suresh, 2012. "Cross-listing and subsequent delisting in foreign markets," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 200-216.
    7. You, Leyuan & Lucey, Brian M. & Shu, Yan, 2013. "An empirical study of multiple direct international listings," Global Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 69-84.
    8. Leyuan You and Brian Lucey, 2008. "An Empirical Study of Multiple Listings," The Institute for International Integration Studies Discussion Paper Series iiisdp273, IIIS.
    9. Thomas O'Connor, 2004. "Are the domestic investors of firms cross-listed in the United States better protected," Money Macro and Finance (MMF) Research Group Conference 2004 20, Money Macro and Finance Research Group.

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