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Can investments in emerging markets help to solve the aging problem ?

  • Holzmann, Robert

Prefunding of pension commitments in OECD (Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development) economies is increasingly seen as a central strategy to cope with the aging of their populations. This paper argues that investments in emerging markets can help at the margin but are unable to solve the demographic problem. While these investments bring potential advantages through enhanced risk diversification, higher rates of return, and accelerated financial market development, the total effects are likely to be limited. Furthermore, in order to harvest them, capital-sending and -receiving countries must fulfill various politically and economically challenging requirements. For pension policy, the limited contribution of pre-funding at home and abroad in order to address the demographic problem implies that enhanced emphasis must be given to domestic reforms.

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Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Social Protection Discussion Papers with number 23070.

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Date of creation: 31 May 2000
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:hdnspu:23070
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  1. David H. Romer & Jeffrey A. Frankel, 1999. "Does Trade Cause Growth?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(3), pages 379-399, June.
  2. Kotlikoff, L.J. & Raffelhuschen, B., 1999. "Generational Accounting around the Globe," Norway; Department of Economics, University of Bergen 195, Department of Economics, University of Bergen.
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  12. F.L. MacKellar & T.Y. Ermolieva & H. Reisen, 1999. "Globalization, Social Security, and International Transfers," Working Papers ir99056, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis.
  13. David M. Cutler & James M. Poterba & Louise M. Sheiner & Lawrence H. Summers, 1990. "An Aging Society: Opportunity or Challenge?," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 21(1), pages 1-74.
  14. Michele Boldrin & Juan J. Dolado & Juan F. Jimeno & Franco Peracchi, 1999. "The future of pensions in Europe," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 14(29), pages 287-320, October.
  15. Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel, 1998. "Chile's Takeoff: Facts, Challenges, Lessons," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 34, Central Bank of Chile.
  16. Alan J. Auerbach & Laurence J. Kotlikoff & Willi Leibfritz, 1999. "Generational Accounting around the World," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number auer99-1, October.
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