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A Simulation Model of Global Pension Investment

  • Landis MacKellar
  • Helmut Reisen

How and to what extent can a high degree of global financial integration help the fast-ageing OECD benefit from the delayed ageing process in the non-OECD area? The question is being raised with increasing urgency as it is slowly understood that even fully funded pension schemes will not escape demographic pressures in the absence of considerable capital flows between the ageing OECD and the younger part of the world. A simulation with a two-region neo-classical economic-demographic model reaches two basic conclusions of importance to policy makers. First, capital flows from fast-ageing, mostly OECD countries to slowly ageing, mostly developing countries can only slightly attenuate, but not reverse, the consequences of an ageing population on falling returns to capital. Second, significant distributional effects are likely to arise from the interaction of population ageing and financial integration. Global financial integration benefits elderly lifetime savers, but hurts elderly ... Une intégration financière poussée au niveau mondial peut-elle aider les pays de l’OCDE en vieillissement rapide à tirer parti de la maturation démographique moins avancée des autres pays ? Si oui, comment et dans quelle proportion ? Ces questions deviennent de plus en plus pressantes dans un contexte où l’on prend lentement conscience que les systèmes de retraite — même entièrement capitalisés — n’échapperont pas aux contraintes démographiques en l’absence de transferts de capitaux considérables entre la zone de l’OCDE et les pays plus jeunes. Un modèle de simulation néoclassique « économie-démographie » portant sur deux régions met en évidence deux conclusions fondamentales pour les décideurs. D’une part, les flux de capitaux depuis les pays à vieillissement rapide (principalement la zone de l’OCDE) vers les pays plus jeunes (surtout des pays en développement) ne peuvent qu’atténuer légèrement — sans les annuler — les effets du vieillissement sur la baisse des rendements du ...

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 137.

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Date of creation: Aug 1998
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Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:137-en
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