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Merchandise Trade Balances of Less Developed Countries and Exchange Rate of the U.S. Dollar: Cases of Iran, Venezuela & Saudi Arabia

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  • Ayoub Yousefi

Abstract

This study examines the effects of changes in the exchange rate of the U.S. dollar on the trade balances of three oil-exporting countries, Iran, Venezuela, and Saudi Arabia. An exchange rate pass-through model is applied to allow changes in the exchange rate of the dollar to affect prices of traded goods. We found that changes in the effective exchange rate of the dollar pass through partially to these countries' import prices. For the export prices, under the floating exchange rate system depreciation of the dollar was found to cause export prices of these countries (except Saudi Arabia) to rise. While changes in the exchange rate of the dollar influence these countries' trade balances, the long-run trade balance adjustments seem to follow different patterns and time profiles.

Suggested Citation

  • Ayoub Yousefi, 2000. "Merchandise Trade Balances of Less Developed Countries and Exchange Rate of the U.S. Dollar: Cases of Iran, Venezuela & Saudi Arabia," Working Papers 00002, University of Waterloo, Department of Economics, revised Feb 2000.
  • Handle: RePEc:wat:wpaper:00002
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Trade Balance; J-curve; Invoicing Currency; Exchange Rate pass-through; Crude Oil.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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