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How Strong is the Relationship between Defence Expenditure and Private Consumption? Evidence from the United States

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  • Luca Pieroni

    () (University of Perugia (Italy) and University of the West of England, Bristol)

Abstract

A long run conditional demand model is specified to provide empirical evidence on the relationship between government defence expenditure and private consumption in the United States. By assuming that government defence expenditure is exogenously determined with respect to private consumption decisions, the empirical results show a significant impact on the utility function of households and substitutable or complementary effects for specific categories of private expenditure. The findings are in line with the evidence that in aggregate it is possible to obtain a weak impact of defence expenditure on consumption.

Suggested Citation

  • Luca Pieroni, 2007. "How Strong is the Relationship between Defence Expenditure and Private Consumption? Evidence from the United States," Working Papers 0705, Department of Accounting, Economics and Finance, Bristol Business School, University of the West of England, Bristol.
  • Handle: RePEc:uwe:wpaper:0705
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    File URL: http://carecon.org.uk/DPs/0705.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Military Expenditure; Consumption; crowding out/in;

    JEL classification:

    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • H31 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Household
    • H4 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods

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