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The Direct Substitution Between Government and Private Consumption in East Asia

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  • Yum K. Kwan

Abstract

We investigate empirically the extent to which government consumption substitutes for private consumption in nine East Asia countries. Panel cointegrating regression uncovers a significantly positive elasticity of substitution between government and private consumption, implying on average government and private consumption are substitutes in East Asia. Country-by-country analysis, however, reveals diversity in the substitutability estimates. The four North East countries %u2013 China, Hong Kong, Japan, and Korea %u2013 tend to share similar and moderate values of the substitution elasticity. For the five ASEAN countries studied in this paper, the relationship between private and government consumption vary substantially, both in the sign and magnitude of the elasticity of substitution. Private and government consumption in Malaysia and Thailand are strong substitutes, but they are found to be complements in Indonesia and Singapore. In between is the Philippines which has a near zero elasticity of substitution.

Suggested Citation

  • Yum K. Kwan, 2006. "The Direct Substitution Between Government and Private Consumption in East Asia," NBER Working Papers 12431, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:12431 Note: PE
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    Cited by:

    1. Bandyopadhyay, Sanghamitra & Esteban, Joan, 2007. "Redistributive taxation and public expenditures," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 6537, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    2. Chukiat Chaiboonsri & Prasert Chaitip & N. Rangaswamy, 2008. "A Panel Unit Root and Panel Cointegration Test of the Modeling International Tourism Demand in India," Annals of the University of Petrosani, Economics, University of Petrosani, Romania, vol. 8(1), pages 95-124.
    3. Stefan Kühn & Joan Muysken & Tom van Veen, 2010. "The Adverse Effect Of Government Spending On Private Consumption In New Keynesian Models," Metroeconomica, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 61(4), pages 621-639, November.
    4. Kühn Stefan & Muysken Joan & Veen Tom van, 2009. "The Adverse Effects of Government Spending on Private Consumption in New Keynesian Models," Research Memorandum 004, Maastricht University, Maastricht Research School of Economics of Technology and Organization (METEOR).
    5. Auteri, Monica & Costantini, Mauro, 2010. "A panel cointegration approach to estimating substitution elasticities in consumption," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 782-787, May.
    6. Khalid Khan & Chen FEI & Muhammad Abdul Kamal & Badar Nadeem Ashraf, 2015. "Impact of Government Spending on Private Consumption Using ARDL Approach," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 5(2), pages 239-248, February.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E6 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook
    • H5 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies

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