US Military Expenditures and Economic Growth: Some Evidence from Spectral Methods
There is not much consensus on what the relationship is between military expenditures and economic growth. One argument is that military expenditures have a positive impact on growth because they are used as a fiscal policy too. The other hypothesis is that military expenditures have a negative impact on growth. Neither argument is consistent with the results reported here. This paper conducts a spectral analysis on the growth rates of real military and non-military US government expenditures and GDP from 1951-1997. The results suggest that, while non-military spending does move counter-cyclically with real GDP growth rates, military spending does not.
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Volume (Year): 13 (2002)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
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- Smith, R P, 1977. "Military Expenditure and Capitalism," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 1(1), pages 61-76, March.
- Lim, David, 1983. "Another Look at Growth and Defense in Less Developed Countries," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 31(2), pages 377-384, January.
- Stock, James H. & Watson, Mark W., 1999.
"Business cycle fluctuations in us macroeconomic time series,"
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in: J. B. Taylor & M. Woodford (ed.), Handbook of Macroeconomics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 1, pages 3-64
- James H. Stock & Mark W. Watson, 1998. "Business Cycle Fluctuations in U.S. Macroeconomic Time Series," NBER Working Papers 6528, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Ã…dne Cappelen & Nils Petter Gleditsch & Olav Bjerkholt, 1984. "Military Spending and Economic Growth in the OECD Countries," Journal of Peace Research, Peace Research Institute Oslo, vol. 21(4), pages 361-373, December.
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