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Understanding reform. The Uruguayan case


  • Alvaro Forteza

    () (Departmento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Daniel Buquet

    () (Instituto de Ciencia Política, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Mario Ibarburu

    () (Departmento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Jorge Lanzaro

    () (Instituto de Ciencia Política, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Andrés Pereyra

    () (Departmento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Eduardo Siandra

    () (Departmento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Marcel Vaillant

    () (Departmento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)


This paper analyzes the structural reform process that has been taking place in Uruguay since the return to democracy in 1985. Three main questions oriented the research: why reform? what kind of reform? and, how well did the reform perform? The main focus is on the pro-market reforms as they have been summarized in the so-called Washington Consensus, but the paper also deals with political reform and the consolidation of democracy. The general goal is to understand reform in a broad economic and political sense. The study is not just aimed at assessing the reforms implemented, but rather to understand why the market-friendly reforms moved faster in some areas than in others, who promoted and who opposed reform, how the political process shaped the reform, and how well the reform performed. This paper is part of the Global Development Network's research program named "Understanding Reform", which aims at improving our understanding of the recent reform experience by performing simultaneous and coordinated in-depth country-case studies.

Suggested Citation

  • Alvaro Forteza & Daniel Buquet & Mario Ibarburu & Jorge Lanzaro & Andrés Pereyra & Eduardo Siandra & Marcel Vaillant, 2003. "Understanding reform. The Uruguayan case," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0603, Department of Economics - dECON.
  • Handle: RePEc:ude:wpaper:0603

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Eduardo Siandra, 2005. "Uruguay Capital Market: Law-in-the-books or Law-in-action?," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0205, Department of Economics - dECON.
    2. Krishna, Pravin & Mitra, Devashish, 2008. "Reciprocated unilateralism in trade reforms with majority voting," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(1-2), pages 81-93, February.
    3. Carlos Casacuberta & Ianina Rossi & Máximo Rossi, 2003. "El arte y el éxito: un matrimonio incómodo," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0303, Department of Economics - dECON.
    4. Rosario Domingo & Leandro Zipitría, 2014. "Marco regulatorio y empresas públicas en Uruguay," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 1514, Department of Economics - dECON.
    5. Andrés Pereyra, 2003. "Competencia en telefonía móvil en Uruguay: diseño de subastas, contratos y marco institucional," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0103, Department of Economics - dECON.
    6. Alvaro Forteza & Anna Caristo & Natalia Ferreira-Coimbra & Ianina Rossi, 2004. "Pay-Roll Contribution Financed Social Protection Programs in Uruguay," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0305, Department of Economics - dECON.
    7. Cecilia González & Máximo Rossi, 2003. "Participación femenina en el mercado de trabajo: efectos sobre la distribución del ingreso en el Uruguay," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 1203, Department of Economics - dECON.
    8. Mario Bergara & Andrés Pereyra, 2005. "El proceso de diseño e implementación de políticas y las reformas en los servicios públicos," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 1705, Department of Economics - dECON.
    9. Marisa Bucheli & Máximo Rossi, 2003. "El grado de conformidad con la vida: evidencia para las mujeres del Gran Montevideo," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 1003, Department of Economics - dECON.
    10. Echenique, Federico & Manelli, Alejandro M., 2003. "Comparative Statics, English Auctions, and the Stolper-Samuelson Theorem," Working Papers 1178, California Institute of Technology, Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences.

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