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Returns to Apprenticeship in Canada


  • Boothby, Daniel
  • Drewes, Torben


The paper exploits the newly available Census data on the earnings of individuals in the apprenticeable trades to examine the returns to apprenticeship training. Only a small minority of males work in these trades, concentrated in the construction, production and mechanical trades where their weekly earnings premia over completed high school range from 9 to 14 percent. An even smaller minority of women report working in apprenticeable trades and it appears that many of them mistakenly report having apprenticed. In the largest single trade for women, personal services and culinary arts, the earnings premium is actually negative, although weekly earnings compare more favourably against the earnings of women without completed high school. Given reasonably large returns for men, late entry into apprenticeships is a puzzling phenomenon requiring further investigation.

Suggested Citation

  • Boothby, Daniel & Drewes, Torben, 2010. "Returns to Apprenticeship in Canada," CLSSRN working papers clsrn_admin-2010-36, Vancouver School of Economics, revised 28 Dec 2010.
  • Handle: RePEc:ubc:clssrn:clsrn_admin-2010-36

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Steven McIntosh, 2004. "The Returns to Apprenticeship Training," CEP Discussion Papers dp0622, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    2. Josef Fersterer & Jörn-Steffen Pischke & Rudolf Winter-Ebmer, 2008. "Returns to Apprenticeship Training in Austria: Evidence from Failed Firms," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 110(4), pages 733-753, December.
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    More about this item


    Human Capital; Wage Differentials; Canada;

    JEL classification:

    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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