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La Demanda Residencial por Energía Eléctrica en Chile

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En un contexto de demanda creciente y oferta estocástica de energía en Chile se hace necesario conocer a cabalidad los determinantes de la demanda por energía eléctrica de los hogares - en particular su elasticidad precio - para así utilizar mecanismos de flexibilización de precios con miras a reducir posibles déficits de energía. Este trabajo estima la demanda de energía eléctrica residencial usando información de la Encuesta de Caracterización Socioeconómica Nacional (CASEN) 2006, siendo innovadora respecto de estudios previos al usar datos desagregados por hogar. Los resultados obtenidos son bastante consistentes con estudios previos, mostrando una elasticidad precio de entre -0.38 y -0.40 para el consumo residencial, una elasticidad cruzada entre 0.14 y 0.16 con respecto al precio del gas licuado y una elasticidad ingreso de entre 0.11 y 0.12, dependiendo de si se evaluó en la mediana o la media de las variables independientes. En suma, los resultados muestran la factibilidad de realizar manejo de la demanda como parte de una política de eficiencia energética y así hacer frente a shocks negativos de oferta de energía eléctrica en Chile.
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  • Claudio A Agostini & Cecilia Plottier & Eduardo Saavedra, 2011. "La Demanda Residencial por Energía Eléctrica en Chile," Working Papers wp_013, Adolfo Ibáñez University, School of Government.
  • Handle: RePEc:uai:wpaper:wp_013
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    1. repec:eee:eneeco:v:65:y:2017:i:c:p:304-314 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Galetovic, Alexander & Muñoz, Cristián M., 2011. "Regulated electricity retailing in Chile," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(10), pages 6453-6465, October.
    3. Sánchez, Luis & Reyes, Orlando, 2016. "La demanda de gasolinas, gas licuado de petróleo y electricidad en el Ecuador: elementos para una reforma fiscal ambiental," Documentos de Proyectos 706, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).

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    JEL classification:

    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation
    • L94 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Electric Utilities
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices

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