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Regional differences in women´s part time employment. An analysis of supply and demand

Author

Listed:
  • Juan R. Cuadrado Roura
  • Carlos Iglesias Fernández
  • Raquel Llorente Heras

Abstract

Part-time employment has a significant weight in the EU countries, but with remarkable differences. In The Netherlands, for instance, it reaches really high levels (50 per 100 of employment) whereas it has a comparative low weight in other countries like Spain (11.3 per 100). On the other hand, gender differences are also very significant, as well as their regional distribution, as it is the case of Spain. While women?s part-time employment in the Balearics is 16.4 per 100, in Navarre it reaches 27.8 per 100 (LFS, Active Population Survey, 3rd. quarter 2006). Focusing on women?s part-time employment, the paper has two main objectives. First, to compare its evolution in the main EU countries, showing the characteristics and reasons for their differences. Second, to analyze the factors supporting regional heterogeneity, taking Spain as a case-study. As opposed to the most usual approaches, focused either on the supply or the demand side of labour market, the paper adopts both perspectives considering that they are complementary in order to explain part-time employment levels as well as their spatial distribution.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan R. Cuadrado Roura & Carlos Iglesias Fernández & Raquel Llorente Heras, 2007. "Regional differences in women´s part time employment. An analysis of supply and demand," Working Papers 03/07, Instituto Universitario de Análisis Económico y Social.
  • Handle: RePEc:uae:wpaper:0307
    as

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    File URL: http://www3.uah.es/iaes/publicaciones/DT_03_07.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2007
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Mary Gregory & Sara Connolly, 2005. "Part-time Work - A Trap for Women`s Careers? An Analysis of the Roles of Heterogeneity and State Dependence," Economics Series Working Papers 245, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    2. Juhn, Chinhui & Murphy, Kevin M, 1997. "Wage Inequality and Family Labor Supply," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 15(1), pages 72-97, January.
    3. Bosch, Gerhard & Lehndorff, Steffen, 2001. "Working-Time Reduction and Employment: Experiences in Europe and Economic Policy Recommendations," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 25(2), pages 209-243, March.
    4. Manuel Arellano & Olympia Bover, 2002. "Learning about migration decisions from the migrants: Using complementary datasets to model intra-regional migrations in Spain," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 15(2), pages 357-380.
    5. Carlo Devillanova & Walter García-Fontes, 2004. "Migration across Spanish provinces: evidence from the social security records (1978-1992)," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 28(3), pages 461-487, September.
    6. Muriel Roger & Sebastien Roux, 2000. "Flexibility Versus Hiring Costs: The Demand for Part-time Labor," Research Unit Working Papers 0101, Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquee, INRA.
    7. Thomas Buchmueller, 1999. "Fringe benefits and the demand for part-time workers," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(5), pages 551-563.
    8. Jacqueline O'Reilly & Silke Bothfeld, 2002. "What happens after working part time? Integration, maintenance or exclusionary transitions in Britain and western Germany," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 26(4), pages 409-439, July.
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