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A reappraisal of the incidence of employer contributions to social security in Japan

Author

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  • Jyunya Hamaaki

    (Graduate School of Economics, University of Tokyo)

  • Yasushi Iwamoto

    (Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo)

Abstract

This paper reappraises Tachibanaki and Yokoyama (2008) -an empirical analysis that indicates no apparent backward shifting of employer social insurance contributions- by modifying their empirical strategy. First, we attempt to control for a spurious positive correlation between wages and employer's contribution rates by trend variables. Second, we exclude two industries from our sample that have small numbers of workers and establishments to remove sampling errors in wages. Our results imply that the social insurance burden shifts back on to employees to a certain extent, contrary to Tachibanaki and Yokoyama (2008). Our finding is consistent with other existing studies.

Suggested Citation

  • Jyunya Hamaaki & Yasushi Iwamoto, 2008. "A reappraisal of the incidence of employer contributions to social security in Japan," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-569, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
  • Handle: RePEc:tky:fseres:2008cf569
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Kugler, Adriana & Kugler, Maurice, 2003. "The Labor Market Effects of Payroll Taxes in a Middle-Income Country: Evidence from Colombia," IZA Discussion Papers 852, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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    4. Junya Hamaaki & Yasushi Iwamoto, 2010. "A Reappraisal Of The Incidence Of Employer Contributions To Social Security In Japan," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 61(3), pages 427-441.
    5. repec:cup:apsrev:v:89:y:1995:i:03:p:634-647_00 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Komamura, Kohei & Yamada, Atsuhiro, 2004. "Who bears the burden of social insurance? Evidence from Japanese health and long-term care insurance data," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 18(4), pages 565-581, December.
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    10. Holmlund, Bertil, 1983. " Payroll Taxes and Wage Inflation: The Swedish Experience," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 85(1), pages 1-15.
    11. Gruber, Jonathan, 1994. "The Incidence of Mandated Maternity Benefits," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(3), pages 622-641, June.
    12. Toshiaki Tachibanaki & Yukiko Yokoyama, 2008. "The Estimation Of The Incidence Of Employer Contributions To Social Security In Japan," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 59(1), pages 75-83.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ángel Melguizo & José González-Páramo, 2013. "Who bears labour taxes and social contributions? A meta-analysis approach," SERIEs: Journal of the Spanish Economic Association, Springer;Spanish Economic Association, vol. 4(3), pages 247-271, August.
    2. Junya Hamaaki & Yasushi Iwamoto, 2010. "A Reappraisal Of The Incidence Of Employer Contributions To Social Security In Japan," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 61(3), pages 427-441.
    3. KODAMA Naomi & YOKOYAMA Izumi, 2017. "Labor Market Impact of Labor Cost Increase without Productivity Gain: A natural experiment from the 2003 social insurance premium reform in Japan," Discussion papers 17093, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    4. HAMAAKI Junya, 2016. "The Incidence of Health Insurance Costs: Empirical evidence from Japan," Discussion papers 16020, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).

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