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Grazing the Commons : Global Carbon Emissions Forever?

Author

Listed:
  • Melenberg, B.

    (Tilburg University, Center For Economic Research)

  • Vollebergh, H.R.J.

    (Tilburg University, Center For Economic Research)

  • Dijkgraaf, E.

Abstract

This paper presents the results from our investigation of the per-capita, long- term relation between carbon dioxide emissions and gross domestic product (GDP) for the world, obtained with the use of a new, exible estimator. Consistent with simple economic growth models, we find that regional, population-weighted per- capita emissions systematically increase with income (scale effect) and usually de- cline over time (composition and technology effect). Both our in-sample results and out-of-sample scenarios indicate that this negative time effect is unlikely to compen- sate for the upward-income effect at a global level, in the near future. In particular, even if China's specialization in carbon-intensive industrial sectors would come to a halt, recent trends outside China make a reversal of the overall global trend very unlikely.

Suggested Citation

  • Melenberg, B. & Vollebergh, H.R.J. & Dijkgraaf, E., 2011. "Grazing the Commons : Global Carbon Emissions Forever?," Discussion Paper 2011-020, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:tiu:tiucen:1f28c201-db53-4c07-a2cd-cde4e44236ca
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Suphi Sen & Bertrand Melenberg & Herman R. J. Vollebergh, 2016. "Identification and Estimation of the Environmental Kuznets Curve: Pairwise Differencing to Deal with Nonlinearity and Nonstationarity," CESifo Working Paper Series 5837, CESifo Group Munich.
    2. Matthew A. Cole & Andrea Lucchesi, 2014. "Economic growth and the environment," Chapters, in: Giles Atkinson & Simon Dietz & Eric Neumayer & Matthew Agarwala (ed.), Handbook of Sustainable Development, chapter 16, pages 252-266, Edward Elgar Publishing.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    CO2 Emissions; Environmental Kuznets Curve; Panel Data; (Semi)parametric Estimation;

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • O50 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - General
    • Q40 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - General

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