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Religion, Religious Diversity and Tourism

Author

Listed:
  • Johan Fourie

    () (Department of Economics, University of Stellenbosch)

  • Jaume Roselló

    () (Department of Applied Economics, University Of The Balearic Islands)

  • Maria Santana-gallego

    () (Department of Applied Economics, University Of The Balearic Islands)

Abstract

Religious beliefs influence many aspects of peoples’ daily lives, so it is plausible to argue that religion affects some of humanity’s most central endeavors, such as trade, migration, foreign investment and tourism. This paper investigates the role a country’s religious affiliation plays in destination choice for international tourism. To that end, a gravity model for international tourist arrivals is estimated by using a dataset of 164 countries for the period 1995-2010. Results provide evidence that religious similarity has significant explanatory power in global tourism flows even after controlling for other measures of cultural affinity. Moreover, the presence of common religious minorities in the country has a positive impact on tourism flows. However, although religious pluralism foster tourism flows between countries, religious similarity has a stronger positive effect.

Suggested Citation

  • Johan Fourie & Jaume Roselló & Maria Santana-gallego, 2014. "Religion, Religious Diversity and Tourism," Working Papers 09/2014, Stellenbosch University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:sza:wpaper:wpapers214
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Horák Miroslav & Kozumplíková Alice & Lorencová Helena & Lampartová Ivana & Somerlíková Kristína, 2015. "Religious Tourism in the South-Moravian and Zlín Regions: Proposal for Three New Pilgrimage Routes," European Countryside, Sciendo, vol. 7(3), pages 167-178, December.
    2. Emanuele Breda & Giacomo Oddo, 2019. "The determinants of foreign tourism demand: separating elasticities for the extensive and the intensive margin," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 482, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    religion; tourism demand; gravity model;

    JEL classification:

    • A13 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Social Values
    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism
    • Z12 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Religion

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