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Dynamique de la liberalisation des echanges et de la productivite : un eclairage canadien

  • Lileeva, Alla

Cette etude traite de l'incidence, sur la productivite manufacturiere au Canada, de l'adoption de l'Accord de libre-echange (ALE) canado-americain. On y constate que les reductions tarifaires au Canada ont fait monter les taux de sortie des etablissements non exportateurs moderement productifs, d'ou un reamenagement des parts de marche au profit des etablissements hautement productifs, ce qui aide a expliquer que la productivite globale ait augmente la ou ont diminue les tarifs au Canada. On y constate en outre que tous les gains de productivite dans les etablissements par suite des reductions tarifaires aux Etats-Unis concerne les etablissements exportateurs en general et les nouvelles entreprises exportatrices en particulier. On y demontre enfin que toute absence de variation de la production et toute elimination d'emplois a la suite de l'adoption de l'ALE n'interessent que les etablissements canadiens non exportateurs, alors que les etablissements exportateurs acquierent, eux, les gains procures par cette entente.

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Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE) with number 2008051f.

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Date of creation: 07 May 2008
Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp5f:2008051f
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  9. Marc J. Melitz & Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano, 2005. "Market Size, Trade, and Productivity," Development Working Papers 201, Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano, University of Milano.
  10. Bernard, Andrew B. & Jensen, J. Bradford & Schott, Peter K., 2006. "Survival of the best fit: Exposure to low-wage countries and the (uneven) growth of U.S. manufacturing plants," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 219-237, January.
  11. Noel Gaston & Daniel Trefler, 1997. "The Labour Market Consequences of the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 30(1), pages 18-41, February.
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  13. Gu, Wulong & Baldwin, John R., 2003. "Roulement des usines et croissance de la productivite dans le secteur canadien de la fabrication," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2003193f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  14. Tybout, James R. & Westbrook, M. Daniel, 1995. "Trade liberalization and the dimensions of efficiency change in Mexican manufacturing industries," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(1-2), pages 53-78, August.
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  21. Van Biesebroeck, Johannes, 2005. "Exporting raises productivity in sub-Saharan African manufacturing firms," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(2), pages 373-391, December.
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  23. Cox, David & Harris, Richard, 1985. "Trade Liberalization and Industrial Organization: Some Estimates for Canada," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(1), pages 115-145, February.
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