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Dynamique de la libéralisation des échanges et de la productivité : un éclairage canadien

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  • Lileeva, Alla

Abstract

Cette étude traite de l'incidence, sur la productivité manufacturière au Canada, de l'adoption de l'Accord de libre-échange (ALE) canado-américain. On y constate que les réductions tarifaires au Canada ont fait monter les taux de sortie des établissements non exportateurs modérément productifs, d'où un réaménagement des parts de marché au profit des établissements hautement productifs, ce qui aide à expliquer que la productivité globale ait augmenté là où ont diminué les tarifs au Canada. On y constate en outre que tous les gains de productivité dans les établissements par suite des réductions tarifaires aux États-Unis concerne les établissements exportateurs en général et les nouvelles entreprises exportatrices en particulier. On y démontre enfin que toute absence de variation de la production et toute élimination d'emplois à la suite de l'adoption de l'ALE n'intéressent que les établissements canadiens non exportateurs, alors que les établissements exportateurs acquièrent, eux, les gains procurés par cette entente.

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  • Lileeva, Alla, 2008. "Dynamique de la libéralisation des échanges et de la productivité : un éclairage canadien," Série de documents de recherche sur l'analyse économique (AE) 2008051f, Statistics Canada, Direction des études analytiques.
  • Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp5f:2008051f
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    References listed on IDEAS

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