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Dynamique de la liberalisation des echanges et de la productivite : un eclairage canadien

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  • Lileeva, Alla

Abstract

Cette etude traite de l'incidence, sur la productivite manufacturiere au Canada, de l'adoption de l'Accord de libre-echange (ALE) canado-americain. On y constate que les reductions tarifaires au Canada ont fait monter les taux de sortie des etablissements non exportateurs moderement productifs, d'ou un reamenagement des parts de marche au profit des etablissements hautement productifs, ce qui aide a expliquer que la productivite globale ait augmente la ou ont diminue les tarifs au Canada. On y constate en outre que tous les gains de productivite dans les etablissements par suite des reductions tarifaires aux Etats-Unis concerne les etablissements exportateurs en general et les nouvelles entreprises exportatrices en particulier. On y demontre enfin que toute absence de variation de la production et toute elimination d'emplois a la suite de l'adoption de l'ALE n'interessent que les etablissements canadiens non exportateurs, alors que les etablissements exportateurs acquierent, eux, les gains procures par cette entente.

Suggested Citation

  • Lileeva, Alla, 2008. "Dynamique de la liberalisation des echanges et de la productivite : un eclairage canadien," Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE) 2008051f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  • Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp5f:2008051f
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Business adaptation and adjustment; Business performance and ownership; International trade; Manufacturing;

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