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Les repercussions du commerce sur la taille des usines, la duree des cycles de production et la diversification

  • Gu, Wulong
  • Baldwin, John R.

La presente etude porte sur l'effet de la liberalisation des echanges sur la taille des usines, la duree des cycles de production et la diversification des produits. Nous elaborons tout d'abord un modele du commerce de produits differencies sous l'hypothese d'usines multiproduits. Nous presentons ensuite des preuves empiriques a partir d'un grand panel d'usines de fabrication canadiennes et d'apres leur experience de l'Accord de libre echange entre le Canada et les Etats Unis (ALE) de 1989. Selon le modele, les reductions tarifaires bilaterales reduisent la diversification des produits des usines exportatrices, augmentent la duree des cycles de production et ont un effet ambigu sur la taille de ces usines. En outre, elles reduisent la diversification des produits et la taille des usines non exportatrices mais n'ont pas d'effet sur la duree des cycles de production de ces usines. Les donnees empiriques sur les usines non exportatrices appuient le modele de facon generale. Les donnees recueillies sur les usines exportatrices montrent que les etablissements exportateurs reduisent la diversification des produits et augmentent la duree des cycles de production et la taille des usines, mais ces changements ne semblent pas etre lies aux reductions tarifaires. Une fois entrees sur les marches d'exportation, les usines reagissent a des forces autres que les reductions tarifaires. De nouvelles reductions tarifaires ont alors moins d'effet sur ces usines.

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Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE) with number 2006038f.

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Date of creation: 19 May 2006
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Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp5f:2006038f
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  1. Elhanan Helpman & Marc J. Melitz & Stephen R. Yeaple, 2004. "Export Versus FDI with Heterogeneous Firms," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(1), pages 300-316, March.
  2. Andrew B. Bernard & Jonathan Eaton & J. Bradford Jensen & Samuel Kortum, 2000. "Plants and Productivity in International Trade," Boston University - Institute for Economic Development 105, Boston University, Institute for Economic Development.
  3. Marc J. Melitz, 2003. "The Impact of Trade on Intra-Industry Reallocations and Aggregate Industry Productivity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(6), pages 1695-1725, November.
  4. Chad Syverson, 2003. "Product Substitutability and Productivity Dispersion," NBER Working Papers 10049, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Marc J. Melitz & Gianmarco I. P. Ottaviano, 2008. "Market Size, Trade, and Productivity," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 75(1), pages 295-316.
  6. Jeffrey Campbell, 2000. "Market Size Matters," Econometric Society World Congress 2000 Contributed Papers 1225, Econometric Society.
  7. Ottaviano, Gianmarco & Thisse, Jacques-François, 1998. "Agglomeration and Trade Revisited," CEPR Discussion Papers 1903, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  8. Baldwin, John R., 2004. "Trade Liberalization: Export-market Participation, Productivity Growth and Innovation," Economic Analysis (EA) Research Paper Series 2004027e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
  9. Beckstead, Desmond & Caves, Richard & Baldwin, John R., 2002. "Changements observes au niveau de la diversification des entreprises du secteur canadien de la fabrication (de 1973 a 1997)," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2002179f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
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  11. Richard Harris, 1983. "Applied General Equilibrium Analysis of Small Open Economies with Scale Economies and Imperfect Competition," Working Papers 524, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
  12. Gu, Wulong & Baldwin, John R., 2003. "Participation in Export Markets and Productivity Performance in Canadian Manufacturing," Economic Analysis (EA) Research Paper Series 2003011e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
  13. Gu, Wulong & Caves, Richard & Baldwin, John R., 2005. "Responses to Trade Liberalization: Changes in Product Diversification in Foreign- and Domestic-controlled Plants," Economic Analysis (EA) Research Paper Series 2005031e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
  14. Yeaple, Stephen Ross, 2005. "A simple model of firm heterogeneity, international trade, and wages," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 1-20, January.
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  16. Rama, Ed & Sabourin, David & Baldwin, John R., 1999. "Croissance de l'utilisation des technologies de pointe dans le secteur canadien de la fabrication durant les annees 90," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 1999105f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  17. Head, Keith & Ries, John, 1999. "Rationalization effects of tariff reductions," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(2), pages 295-320, April.
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