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Les villes et la croissance : croissance du capital humain migratoire et in situ

Listed author(s):
  • Beckstead, Desmond
  • Brown, W. Mark
  • Newbold, Bruce

Les diplomes universitaires sont plus nombreux et leur nombre croit plus rapidement dans les grandes villes que dans les petites villes et les regions rurales. Ce taux de croissance relativement eleve tient aux flux migratoires nets et(ou) aux taux plus eleves d'obtention d'un diplome. En s'appuyant sur les donnees tirees des Recensements de 1996 et de 2001, les auteurs du present document testent l'importance relative de ces deux sources de croissance du capital humain en decomposant la croissance du nombre de titulaires de diplomes dans les diverses villes en flux migratoires nets (interieurs et etrangers) et en croissance in situ, autrement dit, croissance attribuable aux taux plus eleves d'obtention d'un diplome dans les populations des residents des villes. Nous constatons que les deux sources sont importantes, la croissance in situ etant toutefois le facteur dominant. Ainsi, les taux eleves d'obtention d'un diplome dans les populations des villes s'expliquent moins par la capacite des villes d'attirer du capital humain que par leur capacite de le generer.

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Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Analyse economique in its series L'economie canadienne en transition with number 2008019f.

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Date of creation: 02 Jun 2008
Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp1f:2008019f
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  1. Jesse M. Shapiro, 2006. "Smart Cities: Quality of Life, Productivity, and the Growth Effects of Human Capital," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 88(2), pages 324-335, May.
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  6. Frenette, Marc, 2003. "Acces au college et a l'universite : est-ce que la distance importe?," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2003201f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  7. Alessandra Faggian & Philip McCann, 2006. "Human capital flows and regional knowledge assets: a simultaneous equation approach," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 58(3), pages 475-500, July.
  8. David Card, 1993. "Using Geographic Variation in College Proximity to Estimate the Return to Schooling," NBER Working Papers 4483, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Frenette, Marc, 2002. "Trop loin pour continuer? Distance par rapport a l'etablissement et inscription a l'universite," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2002191f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  10. Combes, Pierre-Philippe & Duranton, Gilles & Gobillon, Laurent, 2008. "Spatial wage disparities: Sorting matters!," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(2), pages 723-742, March.
  11. Finnie, Ross & Lascelles, Eric & Sweetman, Arthur, 2005. "Qui poursuit des etudes superieures? L'incidence directe et indirecte des antecedents familiaux sur l'acces aux etudes postsecondaires," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2005237f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  12. Finnie, Ross & Laporte, Christine & Lascelles, Eric, 2004. "Antecedents familiaux et acces aux etudes postsecondaires : que s'est-il passe pendant les annees 1990?," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2004226f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
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