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Acces au college et a l'universite : est-ce que la distance importe?

  • Frenette, Marc

Des etudes anterieures semblent indiquer que les eleves du secondaire qui ont a franchir plus que la distance de navettage pour se rendre a l'universite sont bien moins susceptibles de frequenter celle ci, surtout s'ils appartiennent a une famille a faible revenu. Cette etude repondra a trois questions complementaires : les etudiants qui habitent trop loin pour frequenter l'universite compensent-ils en frequentant le college (s'il y en a un a proximite)? Comment la frequentation collegiale varie-t-elle selon les categories de revenu? L'eloignement de l'ecole dissuade-t-il les etudiants de frequenter le college? Si l'on neutralise l'effet des facteurs lies a la frequentation postsecondaire comme le revenu familial, le niveau de scolarite des parents, le sexe et la province, les etudiants qui habitent pres d'un college seulement ont plus de chances de s'y inscrire que ceux qui demeurent a proximite d'une universite et d'un college a la fois. La hausse de la frequentation collegiale fait presque entierement contrepoids a la difference de frequentation universitaire; de fait, on enregistre des taux de frequentation postsecondaire semblables dans les deux groupes. En region eloignee, la montee de la frequentation collegiale a principalement lieu dans les groupes d'etudiants de familles a faible revenu et a revenu moyen et qui demeurent loin des universites. Bien que tres peu d'etudiants habitent si loin qu'ils ne peuvent faire la navette entre leur domicile et un college, les recherches ont montre que ces etudiants sont bien moins susceptibles de frequenter le college, surtout s'ils font partie d'une famille a faible revenu.

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Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche with number 2003201f.

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Date of creation: 04 Jun 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3f:2003201f
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