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Demande de competences au Canada : le role de l'impartition a l'etranger et de la technologie de l'information et des communications

  • Yan, Beiling

La presente etude evalue l'effet des technologies de l'information et des communications (TIC) et de l'impartition a l'etranger sur la demande de travailleurs tres qualifies. Le creusement de l'ecart salarial entre les travailleurs tres qualifies et ceux qui le sont peu a ete l'une des caracteristiques determinante de l'economie canadienne au cours des deux dernieres decennies. Durant cette periode, les depenses consacrees aux technologies de l'information et des communications et a l'achat d'intrants intermediaires a l'etranger ont augmente spectaculairement. L'analyse de donnees sur 84 branches d'activite manufacturieres canadiennes couvrant la periode de 1981 a 1996 nous porte a conclure que les TIC ainsi que l'impartition a l'etranger jouent un role important dans la demande de competences.

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Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE) with number 2005035f.

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Date of creation: 28 Oct 2005
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Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp5f:2005035f
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  1. Eli Berman & John Bound & Zvi Griliches, 1993. "Changes in the Demand for Skilled Labor within U.S. Manufacturing Industries: Evidence from the Annual Survey of Manufacturing," NBER Working Papers 4255, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  3. Eli Berman & John Bound & Stephen Machin, 1998. "Implications Of Skill-Biased Technological Change: International Evidence," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 113(4), pages 1245-1279, November.
  4. Edward E. Leamer, 1994. "Trade, Wages and Revolving Door Ideas," NBER Working Papers 4716, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Christensen, Laurits R & Jorgenson, Dale W & Lau, Lawrence J, 1973. "Transcendental Logarithmic Production Frontiers," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 55(1), pages 28-45, February.
  6. Surendra Gera & Wulong Gu & Zhengxi Lin, 2001. "Technology and the demand for skills in Canada: an industry-level analysis," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 34(1), pages 132-148, February.
  7. Feenstra, Robert C & Hanson, Gordon H, 1996. "Globalization, Outsourcing, and Wage Inequality," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(2), pages 240-45, May.
  8. Katz, Lawrence F. & Autor, David H., 1999. "Changes in the wage structure and earnings inequality," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 26, pages 1463-1555 Elsevier.
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