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Demande de competences au Canada : le role de l'impartition a l'etranger et de la technologie de l'information et des communications


  • Yan, Beiling


La presente etude evalue l'effet des technologies de l'information et des communications (TIC) et de l'impartition a l'etranger sur la demande de travailleurs tres qualifies. Le creusement de l'ecart salarial entre les travailleurs tres qualifies et ceux qui le sont peu a ete l'une des caracteristiques determinante de l'economie canadienne au cours des deux dernieres decennies. Durant cette periode, les depenses consacrees aux technologies de l'information et des communications et a l'achat d'intrants intermediaires a l'etranger ont augmente spectaculairement. L'analyse de donnees sur 84 branches d'activite manufacturieres canadiennes couvrant la periode de 1981 a 1996 nous porte a conclure que les TIC ainsi que l'impartition a l'etranger jouent un role important dans la demande de competences.

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  • Yan, Beiling, 2005. "Demande de competences au Canada : le role de l'impartition a l'etranger et de la technologie de l'information et des communications," Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE) 2005035f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  • Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp5f:2005035f

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    3. Eli Bekman & John Bound & Stephen Machin, 1998. "Implications of Skill-Biased Technological Change: International Evidence," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 113(4), pages 1245-1279.
    4. Katz, Lawrence F. & Autor, David H., 1999. "Changes in the wage structure and earnings inequality," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 26, pages 1463-1555 Elsevier.
    5. Im, Kyung So & Pesaran, M. Hashem & Shin, Yongcheol, 2003. "Testing for unit roots in heterogeneous panels," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 115(1), pages 53-74, July.
    6. Eli Berman & John Bound & Zvi Griliches, 1993. "Changes in the Demand for Skilled Labor within U.S. Manufacturing Industries: Evidence from the Annual Survey of Manufacturing," NBER Working Papers 4255, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Surendra Gera & Wulong Gu & Zhengxi Lin, 2001. "Technology and the demand for skills in Canada: an industry-level analysis," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 34(1), pages 132-148, February.
    8. Edward E. Leamer, 1994. "Trade, Wages and Revolving Door Ideas," NBER Working Papers 4716, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Cited by:

    1. Beckstead, Desmond & Brown, W. Mark & Newbold, Bruce, 2008. "Les villes et la croissance : croissance du capital humain migratoire et in situ," L'economie canadienne en transition 2008019f, Statistics Canada, Division de l'analyse economique.


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