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Les mesures fiscales d’incitation au travail des personnes non qualifiées

Listed author(s):
  • Hélène Périvier

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

Les taux de chômage élevés qui persistent dans plusieurs pays européens (annexe I, tableau 1) ont été analysés de nombreuses fois. Plusieurs explications ont été avancées : faible croissance en raison notamment de politiques économiques peu appropriées, effet des mutations technologiques, rigidités du marché du travail, manque d’incitation à la prise d’un emploi et donc insuffisance de l’offre de travail. Ce dernier point a fait l’objet de nombreux débats en France depuis le milieu des années 1990. Le système fiscalo-social modifie la distribution des revenus entre les ménages. Ainsi, une hausse des ressources d’activité d’un individu augmente les prélèvements qu’il supporte et réduit les prestations sociales dont il bénéficie. Les gains au travail sont réduits d’autant plus que le dispositif est généreux. Il est donc susceptible de réduire l’offre de travail. Ceci concerne surtout les personnes qui, étant donné leurs qualifications, ne peuvent obtenir qu’une faible rémunération sur le marché du travail. Cette population souffre d’un taux d’emploi et d’un taux d’activité nettement plus faible que celui des individus plus qualifiés (annexe I, tableau 3 et 4). Son taux de chômage est plus élevé que celui des personnes qualifiées quel que soit le pays considéré (...).

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File URL: http://spire.sciencespo.fr/hdl:/2441/3464/resources/8-87.pdf
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Paper provided by Sciences Po in its series Sciences Po publications with number info:hdl:2441/3464.

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Date of creation: Sep 2003
Publication status: Published in Revue de l'OFCE, 2003, pp.281-336
Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/3464
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.sciencespo.fr/

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  1. Isabelle Joumard, 2003. "Tax systems in European Union countries," OECD Economic Studies, OECD Publishing, vol. 2002(1), pages 91-151.
  2. Richard Blundell & Alan Duncan & Julian McCrae & Costas Meghir, 2000. "The labour market impact of the working families’ tax credit," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 21(1), pages 75-103, March.
  3. Gaël Dupont & Henri Sterdyniak & Jacques Le Cacheux & Vincent Touzé, 2000. "La réforme fiscale en France : bilan et perspectives," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 75(1), pages 183-242.
  4. Pierre Cahuc, 2002. "A quoi sert la prime pour l'emploi ?," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 16(3), pages 3-61.
  5. Andrea Bassanini & Jørn Henrik Rasmussen & Stefano Scarpetta, 1999. "The Economic Effects of Employment-Conditional Income Support Schemes for the Low-Paid: An Illustration from a CGE Model Applied to Four OECD Countries," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 224, OECD Publishing.
  6. Cyrille Hagneré & Alain Trannoy, 2001. "L'impact conjugué de trois ans de réforme sur les trappes à inactivité," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 346(1), pages 161-185.
  7. Holly Sutherland & David Piachaud, 2000. "How Effective is the British Government's Attempt to Reduce Child Poverty?," Papers inwopa00/6, Innocenti Working Papers.
  8. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/2092 is not listed on IDEAS
  9. Guy Laroque & Bernard Salanié, 2000. "Une décomposition du non-emploi en France," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 331(1), pages 47-66.
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