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Les mesures fiscales d'incitation au travail des personnes non qualifiées

Author

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  • Hélène Périvier

    () (OFCE - Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques - Sciences Po - Sciences Po)

Abstract

Les taux de chômage élevés qui persistent dans plusieurs pays européens (annexe I, tableau 1) ont été analysés de nombreuses fois. Plusieurs explications ont été avancées : faible croissance en raison notamment de politiques économiques peu appropriées, effet des mutations technologiques, rigidités du marché du travail, manque d'incitation à la prise d'un emploi et donc insuffisance de l'offre de travail. Ce dernier point a fait l'objet de nombreux débats en France depuis le milieu des années 1990. Le système fiscalo-social modifie la distribution des revenus entre les ménages. Ainsi, une hausse des ressources d'activité d'un individu augmente les prélèvements qu'il supporte et réduit les prestations sociales dont il bénéficie. Les gains au travail sont réduits d'autant plus que le dispositif est généreux. Il est donc susceptible de réduire l'offre de travail. Ceci concerne surtout les personnes qui, étant donné leurs qualifications, ne peuvent obtenir qu'une faible rémunération sur le marché du travail. Cette population souffre d'un taux d'emploi et d'un taux d'activité nettement plus faible que celui des individus plus qualifiés (annexe I, tableau 3 et 4). Son taux de chômage est plus élevé que celui des personnes qualifiées quel que soit le pays considéré (...).

Suggested Citation

  • Hélène Périvier, 2003. "Les mesures fiscales d'incitation au travail des personnes non qualifiées," Post-Print hal-01019470, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01019470
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01019470
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Isabelle Joumard, 2003. "Tax systems in European Union countries," OECD Economic Studies, OECD Publishing, vol. 2002(1), pages 91-151.
    2. Gaël Dupont & Henri Sterdyniak & Jacques Le Cacheux & Vincent Touzé, 2000. "La réforme fiscale en France : bilan et perspectives," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 75(1), pages 183-242.
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    6. Pierre Cahuc, 2002. "A quoi sert la prime pour l'emploi ?," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 16(3), pages 3-61.
    7. Guy Laroque & Bernard Salanié, 2000. "Une décomposition du non-emploi en France," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 331(1), pages 47-66.
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    Cited by:

    1. Elena Stancanelli, 2004. "Evaluating the impact of the French tax credit programme: a difference in difference model," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2004-07, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
    2. Luc Godbout & Matthieu Arseneau, 2005. "La prime au travail du Québec : Un véritable outil d'incitation au travail ou une simple façon de baisser l'impôt?," CIRANO Working Papers 2005s-01, CIRANO.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • H24 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies
    • H31 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Household
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply

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