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Les mesures d'incitation au travail des personnes peu qualifiées

Listed author(s):
  • Hélène Périvier-Timbeau

    ()

    (OFCE - OFCE - Sciences Po)

Dans la période récente, plusieurs pays ont attribué la persistance du chômage de masse à l'existence de trappe à inactivité. En raison de la générosité du système social envers les personnes sans emploi, reprendre un travail est devenu peu rentable pour les actifs peu qualifiés, en particulier pour les personnes seules avec enfants ou pour le premier travailleur d'un couple, sans et surtout avec enfants. La reprise d'un emploi à temps partiel n'apporte généralement aucun gain de ressources. De nombreux pays ont réduit la fiscalité portant sur les bas revenus ; la France a, de plus, réformé plusieurs prestations. Quatre pays : Royaume-Uni, Belgique, Pays-Bas et France, ont introduit des crédits d'impôt pour garantir que " le travail paie ". La plupart des évaluations aboutissent à des impacts décevants : la recherche d'un emploi est légèrement stimulé, mais, souvent, la formule adoptée incite à la réduction du temps de travail et décourage le travail des femmes mariées. Par ailleurs, il apparaît difficile de concilier l'objectif incitatif et des effets redistributifs satisfaisants. Enfin, la mesure n'est efficace que si le marché du travail des non qualifiés ne souffre pas d'une insuffisance de demande de travail de la part des entreprises, ce qui est contestable est Europe continentale.

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File URL: https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00972680/document
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Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number hal-00972680.

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Date of creation: Jun 2003
Publication status: Published in 2003
Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00972680
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00972680
Contact details of provider: Web page: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/

References listed on IDEAS
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  1. Isabelle Joumard, 2003. "Tax systems in European Union countries," OECD Economic Studies, OECD Publishing, vol. 2002(1), pages 91-151.
  2. Gaël Dupont & Henri Sterdyniak & Jacques Le Cacheux & Vincent Touzé, 2000. "La réforme fiscale en France : bilan et perspectives," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 75(1), pages 183-242.
  3. Richard Blundell & Alan Duncan & Julian McCrae & Costas Meghir, 2000. "The labour market impact of the working families’ tax credit," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 21(1), pages 75-103, March.
  4. Holly Sutherland & David Piachaud, 2000. "How Effective is the British Government's Attempt to Reduce Child Poverty?," Papers inwopa00/6, Innocenti Working Papers.
  5. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/2092 is not listed on IDEAS
  6. Pierre Cahuc, 2002. "A quoi sert la prime pour l'emploi ?," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 16(3), pages 3-61.
  7. Guy Laroque & Bernard Salanié, 2000. "Une décomposition du non-emploi en France," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 331(1), pages 47-66.
  8. Andrea Bassanini & Jørn Henrik Rasmussen & Stefano Scarpetta, 1999. "The Economic Effects of Employment-Conditional Income Support Schemes for the Low-Paid: An Illustration from a CGE Model Applied to Four OECD Countries," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 224, OECD Publishing.
  9. Cyrille Hagneré & Alain Trannoy, 2001. "L'impact conjugué de trois ans de réforme sur les trappes à inactivité," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 346(1), pages 161-185.
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