IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

The Economic Effects of Employment-Conditional Income Support Schemes for the Low-Paid: An Illustration from a CGE Model Applied to Four OECD Countries

  • Andrea Bassanini
  • Jørn Henrik Rasmussen
  • Stefano Scarpetta

Problems of unemployment and low pay amongst the low-skilled and those with little work experience are severe in many OECD countries. Employment-conditional schemes are policy instruments designed to increase the employment prospects of the low-skilled as well as to support their living standard. In this paper a simple CGE model is developed to simulate the impact of the introduction of an employmentconditional scheme in four OECD countries. The simulated policy package is graduated on gross earnings with both “phase-in” and “phase-out” regions. The advantage of the CGE approach is to allow assessing the direct and indirect effects of the financing of the policy scheme on both labour demand and supply. The simulations suggest that employment effects on targeted households are significant while the impact on aggregate employment is modest. Furthermore, the cost-effectiveness of the policy package is found to depend crucially on the earnings distribution, the levels of taxes on ... Les problèmes de chômage et de faible rémunération des salariés les moins qualifiés et de ceux qui possèdent une expérience de travail limitée sont importants dans de nombreux pays de l'OCDE. Les programmes d'aide conditionnés à l'exercice d'un emploi sont des instruments de politique économique destinés à améliorer les perspectives d'emploi des moins qualifiés, et à soutenir leur niveau de vie. Dans cet article, un modèle d'équilibre général calculable (EGC) est développé afin de simuler l'impact de l'introduction d'un programme d'aide conditionné à l'exercice d'un emploi dans quatre pays de l'OCDE. Les mesures de politique économique simulées sont graduées sur les revenus bruts, avec à la fois des zones "d'entrée" (phase-in) et de "sortie" (phase-out) des programmes. L'avantage de l'approche en termes d'EGC est de permettre d'évaluer les effets directs et indirects du financement du programme sur la demande et l'offre de travail. Les simulations suggèrent que les effets sur ...

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Our checks indicate that this address may not be valid because: 403 Forbidden ( [303 See Other]--> If this is indeed the case, please notify ()

Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 224.

in new window

Date of creation: 07 Oct 1999
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:224-en
Contact details of provider: Postal: 2 rue Andre Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16
Phone: 33-(0)-1-45 24 82 00
Fax: 33-(0)-1-45 24 85 00
Web page:

More information through EDIRC

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:224-en. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ()

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.