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Dynamique de la pauvreté en Haïti et ses déterminants

  • Alex Siméon

    ()

    (GREDI, Département d'économique, Université de Sherbrooke)

  • Dorothée Boccanfuso

    ()

    (GREDI, Faculte d'administration, Université de Sherbrooke)

ABSTRACT: Haïti, classée 153e/177, appartient au groupe des pays les plus sous-développés au monde (PNUD 2005). Ainsi, ce pays est parmi ceux appelés à bénéficier des programmes de réduction de la pauvreté dans le cadre des « Objectifs du millénaire pour le développement ». A cet effet, chaque pays dont Haïti, doit rédiger son « Document stratégique de réduction de la pauvreté ». Pourtant, les études sur la pauvreté en Haïti sont encore très peu nombreuses et l’aspect dynamique du phénomène reste encore à explorer. Ce papier vise à étudier la dynamique de la pauvreté entre 1986/1987 et 1999/2000 et mettre en évidence les déterminants de la pauvreté observée. Pour y parvenir, nous avons utilisé les données de deux enquêtes ménages, la classe d’indices décomposables FGT et les tests de dominance stochastique afin de tester la robustesse des changements de pauvreté dans le temps. Les résultats montrent une baisse importante de la pauvreté tant au niveau national que sur le plan sectoriel. Concernant les déterminants de la pauvreté, les résultats révèlent que le milieu de résidence et l’appartenance à une catégorie socioprofessionnelle constituent les deux principaux facteurs influençant la pauvreté.

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File URL: http://gredi.recherche.usherbrooke.ca/wpapers/GREDI-0615.pdf
File Function: First version, 2006
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke in its series Cahiers de recherche with number 06-15.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:shr:wpaper:06-15
Contact details of provider: Postal: Sherbrooke, Québec, J1K 2R1
Phone: (819) 821-7233
Fax: (819) 821-6930
Web page: http://www.gredi.org/home/documents-de-travail
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  1. Jean-Pierre Lachaud, 1995. "Pauvreté et marché du travail au Bénin : quelques éléments d'analyse," Documents de travail 06, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
  2. Martin Browning & Pierre-André Chiappori & Arthur Lewbel, . "Estimating Consumption Economies of Scale, Adult Equivalence Scales, and Household Bargaining Power," CAM Working Papers 2003-12, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics. Centre for Applied Microeconometrics, revised Dec 2003.
  3. Duclos, Jean-Yves & Makdissi, Paul, 2003. "Restricted and Unrestricted Dominance for Welfare, Inequality and Poverty Orderings," Cahiers de recherche 0303, CIRPEE.
  4. Evans Jadotte, 2006. "Income Distribution and Poverty in the Republic of Haiti," Working Papers PMMA 2006-13, PEP-PMMA.
  5. Christiaensen, Luc & Scott, Christopher & Wodon, Quentin, 2002. "Poverty Measurement and Analysis," MPRA Paper 45362, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Atkinson, A B, 1987. "On the Measurement of Poverty," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(4), pages 749-64, July.
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