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Income Distribution and Poverty in the Republic of Haiti


  • Evans Jadotte


After decades of stagnation and economic decline coupled with political upheavals, the Republic of Haiti is today the poorest nation in the Western Hemisphere and one of the poorest in the world. The present research reveals that this country is also where income is worst distributed in the most unequal region of the world, viz., Latin America and the Carribbean. We use the 2001 Haiti Living Conditions Survey for distributive analysis and poverty assessment to try to make manifest the potential links between household well-being and individual socio-economic characteristics. One particular finding is that access to land does not help the poor escape poverty. Complementary to the inequality and poverty profiles constructed herein, a relatively new methodology using weighted least squares for complex survey is adopted to additively decompose inequality by multiple factor components. Also, we estimate a polychotomous ordered logic to investigate the risk of being indigent or poor.

Suggested Citation

  • Evans Jadotte, 2006. "Income Distribution and Poverty in the Republic of Haiti," Working Papers PMMA 2006-13, PEP-PMMA.
  • Handle: RePEc:lvl:pmmacr:2006-13

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Jadotte, Evans, 2009. "International Migration, Remittances and Labour Supply: The Case of the Republic of Haiti," WIDER Working Paper Series 028, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    2. Alex Siméon & Dorothée Boccanfuso, 2006. "Dynamique de la pauvreté en Haïti et ses déterminants," Cahiers de recherche 06-15, Departement d'Economique de l'École de gestion à l'Université de Sherbrooke.
    3. Alex Siméon & Dorothée Boccanfuso, 2006. "Pauvreté, croissance et redistribution en Haïti," Cahiers de recherche 06-17, Departement d'Economique de l'École de gestion à l'Université de Sherbrooke.
    4. Jadotte, Evans & Ramos, Xavier, 2015. "The Effect of Remittances on Labour Supply in the Republic of Haiti," IZA Discussion Papers 9541, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

    More about this item


    Republic of Haiti; inequality; multiple factor components decomposition; poverty; stochastic dominance;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

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