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Pauvreté, croissance et redistribution en Haïti


  • Alex Siméon

    () (GREDI, Département d'économique, Université de Sherbrooke)

  • Dorothée Boccanfuso

    () (GREDI, Faculte d'administration, Université de Sherbrooke)


ABSTRACT: Considérant sa situation en terme de pauvreté, Haïti figure parmi les pays bénéficiant des programmes des Objectifs du millénaire pour le développement (OMD). Quelques études ont en effet montré ces dernières années, qu’Haïti était un pays pauvre et très inégalitaire. Cependant, ces travaux présentent la particularité commune de traiter la pauvreté indépendamment de l’inégalité. Or, certains auteurs ont montré que l’inégalité était susceptible d’aggraver la pauvreté, même en situation de croissance économique. Aussi, la décomposition de la variation de la pauvreté en composantes croissance et inégalité reste un aspect inexploré en Haïti. En effet, la situation de pauvreté en Haïti s’explique-t-elle par un déficit de croissance ou par une forte inégalité dans la distribution des revenus? L’objectif de cet article est précisément de décomposer la variation de la pauvreté haïtienne en composantes croissance et inégalité entre 1986/1987 et 1999/2000. Nous montrons qu’en Haïti la variation de la pauvreté est due, en général, aux effets favorables de la composante « croissance » et aux effets défavorables de la composante « inégalité ».

Suggested Citation

  • Alex Siméon & Dorothée Boccanfuso, 2006. "Pauvreté, croissance et redistribution en Haïti," Cahiers de recherche 06-17, Departement d'Economique de l'École de gestion à l'Université de Sherbrooke.
  • Handle: RePEc:shr:wpaper:06-17

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    File Function: First version, 2006
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-766, May.
    2. Qi Zhang, 2003. "DAD, an Innovative Tool for Income Distribution Analysis," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 1(3), pages 281-284, December.
    3. Evans Jadotte, 2006. "Income Distribution and Poverty in the Republic of Haiti," Working Papers PMMA 2006-13, PEP-PMMA.
    4. Paul Makdissi & Jean-Yves Duclos, 2001. "Restricted Inequality and Relative Poverty," Cahiers de recherche 01-06, Departement d'Economique de l'École de gestion à l'Université de Sherbrooke.
    5. Mathieu Audet & Paul Makdissi, 2009. "Assessing the impact of historical changes in social protection on poverty in Canada," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, pages 523-526.
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    More about this item


    décomposition; pauvreté; croissance; inégalité; Haïti; Shapley.;

    JEL classification:

    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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