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Squilibri distributivi e criminalità nelle regioni italiane

Listed author(s):
  • Fabio Clementi

    (University of Macerata)

  • Francesco Schettino

    (University of Campania "L. Vanvitelli")

  • Enzo Valentini

    (University of Macerata)

Obiettivo principale di questo articolo è quello di fornire degli elementi che possano descrivere, in ambito italiano e su base regionale, l'evoluzione della relazione tra disuguaglianza e povertà da un lato e criminalità dall'altro. Facendo leva su una cospicua disponibilità di dati sul reddito delle famiglie italiane (fonte Banca d'Italia) e sui crimini commessi e denunciati (fonte ISTAT), i risultati individuati sono riassumibili nel fatto che tutte le variabili relative al crimine presentano, specialmente per le regioni del Sud e le isole maggiori, una correlazione positiva con gli squilibri distributivi del reddito (disuguaglianza e polarizzazione). In tali casi, l'incidenza dei reati relativi al patrimonio è maggiore al Nord, mentre i reati associativi hanno un livello di importanza superiore al Sud e nelle isole dove la presenza delle principali organizzazioni criminali calamita il fenomeno. La povertà , invece, risulta direttamente correlata ai reati associativi, a testimonianza del fatto che il preoccupante peggioramento dello status economico e sociale delle famiglie del Sud può determinare un pericoloso avvitamento con potenzialità di cristallizzazione nel medio-lungo periodo. Infine, i risultati documentano un significativo (e allarmante) rapporto tra il tasso di disoccupazione giovanile e la criminalità minorile.

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Paper provided by Macerata University, Department of Studies on Economic Development (DiSSE) in its series Working Papers with number 48-2017.

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Date of creation: May 2017
Date of revision: May 2017
Handle: RePEc:mcr:wpaper:wpaper00048
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Fax: 0733.258.3970
Web page: http://www2.unimc.it/sviluppoeconomico

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