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Information Sharing in Credit Markets: A Survey

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Abstract

Information sharing about borrowers' characteristics and their indebtedness can have important effects on credit markets activity. First, it improves the banks' knowledge of applicants' characteristics and permits a more accurate prediction of their repayment probabilities. Second, it reduces the informational rents that banks could otherwise extract from their customers. Third, it can operate as a borrower discipline device. Finally, it eliminates borrowers' incentive to become over-indebted by drawing credit simultaneously from many banks without any of them realizing. Understanding the effects of information sharing also helps to shed light on some key issues in the design of a credit information system, such as the relationship between public and private mechanisms, the dosage between black and white information sharing, and the "memory" of the system. Merging the insights from theoretical models with the lessons of experience, one can avoid serious pitfalls in the design of credit information systems.

Suggested Citation

  • Tullio Jappelli & Marco Pagano, 2000. "Information Sharing in Credit Markets: A Survey," CSEF Working Papers 36, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
  • Handle: RePEc:sef:csefwp:36
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    5. Tullio Jappelli & Marco Pagano, 2000. "Information Sharing in Credit Markets: The European Experience," CSEF Working Papers 35, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
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    9. repec:hrv:faseco:30728041 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Jappelli, Tullio & Pagano, Marco, 2002. "Information sharing, lending and defaults: Cross-country evidence," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 26(10), pages 2017-2045, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Tullio Jappelli & Marco Pagano, 2000. "Information Sharing in Credit Markets: The European Experience," CSEF Working Papers 35, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
    2. Jentzsch, Nicola, 2008. "An economic analysis of China's credit information monopoly," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 537-550, December.
    3. Artashes Karapetyan & Bogdan Stacescu, 2014. "Information Sharing and Information Acquisition in Credit Markets," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 18(4), pages 1583-1615.
    4. Léonce Ndikumana & Mina Baliamoune-Lutz & Zuzana Brixiová, 2011. "Credit Constraints And Productive Entrepreneurship In Africa," Working Papers wp276, Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
    5. Xuehui He & Yiming Wang, 2007. "Bank Loan Behavior and Credit Information Sharing: An Insight from Measurement Costs," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(4), pages 325-333.
    6. Jan Bouckaert & Hans Degryse, 2002. "Softening Competition by Enhancing Entry: An Example from the Banking Industry," CSEF Working Papers 85, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
    7. Djankov, Simeon & McLiesh, Caralee & Shleifer, Andrei, 2007. "Private credit in 129 countries," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(2), pages 299-329, May.
    8. Hainz, Christa, 2004. "Quality of Institutions, Credit Markets and Bankruptcy," Discussion Papers in Economics 388, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
    9. Artashes Karapetyan & Bogdan Stacescu, 2012. "Information sharing and information acquisition: Ownership and coverage," Working Paper 2011/23, Norges Bank.
    10. Karapetyan, A. & Stacescu, B., 2009. "Information Sharing and Information Acqusition in Credit Markets," Discussion Paper 2009-36 S, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    11. repec:eee:joecas:v:14:y:2016:i:pb:p:199-210 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Xuehui He & Yiming Wang, 2007. "Bank Loan Behavior and Credit Information Sharing: An Insight from Measurement Costs," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor and Francis Journals, vol. 10(4), pages 325-333.
    13. Francesco Giavazzi & Alberto Giovannini, 2001. "A More Efficient Financial System for Improved Economic Performance : An Attempt at Identifying the Priorities," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 62(2), pages 71-81.
    14. Hainz, Christa, 2009. "Creditor passivity: The effects of bank competition and institutions on the strategic use of bankruptcy filings," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(4), pages 582-596, December.
    15. Maria Semenova, 2008. "Information Sharing in Credit Markets: Incentives for Incorrect Information Reporting," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 50(3), pages 381-415, September.
    16. Mina Baliamoune-Lutz & Zuzana Brixiov?? & L??once Ndikumana, 2011. "Credit Constraints & Productive Entrepreneurship in Africa," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series wp1025, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    17. Francesco Giavazzi & Alberto Giovannini, 2001. "Un système financier plus efficient pour obtenir de meilleures performances économiques : une tentative d'identification des priorités," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 62(2), pages 79-91.
    18. Ylhäinen, Ilkka, 2017. "Life-cycle effects in small business finance," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 176-196.
    19. Cheng, Hui Fang & Gutierrez, Margarida & Mahajan, Arvind & Shachmurove, Yochanan & Shahrokhi, Manuchehr, 2007. "A future global economy to be built by BRICs," Global Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 143-156.
    20. Wu, Ji & Jeon, Bang Nam & Luca, Alina C., 2010. "Does Distance Affect the Performance of Foreign Banks? Evidence from Multinational Banking in Developing Countries," MPRA Paper 37083, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 01 Feb 2012.
    21. Jorge Ponce, 2010. "Intercambio de información en mercados de crédito: una revisión de la literatura," Documentos de trabajo 2010006, Banco Central del Uruguay.
    22. Carter, Michael R. & Galarza, Francisco & Boucher, Stephen, 2007. "Underwriting area-based yield insurance to crowd-in credit supply and demand," MPRA Paper 24326, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    information sharing; credit markets;

    JEL classification:

    • D82 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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