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Modelling Volatility Cycles: The (MF)2 GARCH Model

Author

Listed:
  • Christian Conrad

    (Department of Economics, Heidelberg University, Germany; KOF Swiss Economic Institute, Switzerland; Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis)

  • Robert F. Engle

    (New York University, Stern School of Business, USA; Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis)

Abstract

We suggest a multiplicative factor multi frequency component GARCH model which exploits the empirical fact that the daily standardized forecast errors of standard GARCH models behave counter-cyclical when averaged at a lower frequency. For the new model, we derive the unconditional variance of the returns, the news impact function and multi-step-ahead volatility forecasts. We apply the model to the S&P 500, the FTSE 100 and the Hang Seng Index. We show that the long-term component of stock market volatility is driven by news about the macroeconomic outlook and monetary policy as well as policy-related news. The new component model significantly outperforms the nested one-component (GJR) GARCH and several HAR-type models in terms of out-of-sample forecasting.

Suggested Citation

  • Christian Conrad & Robert F. Engle, 2021. "Modelling Volatility Cycles: The (MF)2 GARCH Model," Working Paper series 21-05, Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis.
  • Handle: RePEc:rim:rimwps:21-05
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Volatility forecasting; long- and short-term volatility; mixed frequency data; volatility cycles;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
    • C58 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Financial Econometrics
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates

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