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The Effects of World Heritage Sites on Domestic Tourism: A Spatial Interaction Model for Italy

Author

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  • Roberto Patuelli

    () (Department of Economics, University of Bologna, Italy; The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis (RCEA), Italy)

  • Maurizio Mussoni

    (Department of Economics, University of Bologna, Italy; The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis (RCEA), Italy)

  • Guido Candela

    (University of Bologna, Italy)

Abstract

Culture is gaining increasing importance in the modern tourism industry, and represents a significant force of attraction for tourists (both domestic and international). Cultural tourism allows destinations and regions to expand their customer base, diversify their offer, extend the stay of the tourist, and reduce seasonality. Great efforts are made, by national governments and regions, in order to obtain official designation regarding the relevance of their historical/cultural attractions, for example through UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites (WHS) list. Such an aspect seems particularly relevant for a country like Italy, which has a high number of entries in the WHS list, and where regions take an active role in promoting tourism. Using an 11-year panel of domestic tourism flows, we investigate the importance of the regional endowment in terms of WHS from two perspectives: (a) by separately estimating the effects, on tourism flows, of WHS located in the residence region of tourists and in the destination region; and (b) by taking into account potential spatial substitution/complementarity effects between regions due to their WHS endowment. Finally, a sensitivity analysis is offered to evaluate the spatial extent of the latter.

Suggested Citation

  • Roberto Patuelli & Maurizio Mussoni & Guido Candela, 2012. "The Effects of World Heritage Sites on Domestic Tourism: A Spatial Interaction Model for Italy," Working Paper series 14_12, Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis, revised Jan 2013.
  • Handle: RePEc:rim:rimwps:14_12
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Galli, Paolo & Fraga, Carla & de Sequeira Santos, Marcio Peixoto, 2016. "Gravitational force exerted by Brazilian tourist destinations on foreign air travelers," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 76-83.
    2. Santana-Gallego, María & Ledesma-Rodríguez, Francisco J. & Pérez-Rodríguez, Jorge V., 2016. "International trade and tourism flows: An extension of the gravity model," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 52(PB), pages 1026-1033.
    3. repec:eee:touman:v:60:y:2017:i:c:p:67-78 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:kap:jculte:v:41:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s10824-017-9300-6 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Matthias Firgo & Oliver Fritz, 2017. "Does having the right visitor mix do the job? Applying an econometric shift-share model to regional tourism developments," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 58(3), pages 469-490, May.
    6. Duha Altindag, 2014. "Crime and International Tourism," Journal of Labor Research, Springer, vol. 35(1), pages 1-14, March.
    7. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:3:p:626-:d:133832 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Irina-Virginia Dragulanescu & Gabriela Cecilia Stanciulescu & Ion Andrei & Timea-Anca Stan, 2014. "European Cultural and Touristic Heritage: Sighisoara vs. Verona," The AMFITEATRU ECONOMIC journal, Academy of Economic Studies - Bucharest, Romania, vol. 16(Special 8), pages 1160-1160, August.
    9. Diana Pérez Dacal & Melchor Fernández Fernández & Yolanda Pena Boquete, 2013. "Measuring Tourism Specialization: a composite indicator for the Spanish regions," Documentos de trabajo - Analise Economica 0056, IDEGA - Instituto Universitario de Estudios e Desenvolvemento de Galicia.
    10. Roberto Patuelli & Maurizio Mussoni & Guido Candela, 2014. "Cultural offer and distance in a spatial interaction model for tourism," Economics and Business Letters, Oviedo University Press, vol. 3(2), pages 96-108.
    11. Cuccia, Tiziana & Guccio, Calogero & Rizzo, Ilde, 2016. "The effects of UNESCO World Heritage List inscription on tourism destinations performance in Italian regions," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 494-508.
    12. Gianluca Cafiso & Roberto Cellini & Tiziana Cuccia, 2015. "Do Economic Crises Lead Tourists to Closer Destinations? An Analysis of Italy's Regional Data," CESifo Working Paper Series 5250, CESifo Group Munich.
    13. João Romão & Hiramisu Saito, 2016. "Regional Tourism Dynamics in Japan: An Exploratory Spatial Analysis," CEFAGE-UE Working Papers 2016_02, University of Evora, CEFAGE-UE (Portugal).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    cultural tourism; domestic tourism; World Heritage Sites; spatial interaction model; Italy; spatial competition;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • Z10 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - General

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